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Effect of energy-reduced diets high in dairy products and fiber on weight loss in obese adults.
Obes Res. 2005 Aug; 13(8):1344-53.OR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Studies suggest that high-dairy and high-fiber/low-glycemic index diets may facilitate weight loss, but data are conflicting. The effects on weight loss and body fat of a high-dairy diet and a diet high in dairy and fiber and low in glycemic index were compared with a standard diet.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

Ninety obese subjects were recruited into a randomized trial of three diets designed to provide a calorie deficit of 500 calories/d over a 48-week period. The study compared a moderate (not low)-calcium diet with a high-calcium diet.

RESULTS

Seventy-two subjects completed the study. Significant weight and fat loss occurred with all three diets. A diet with 1400 mg of calcium did not result in greater weight (11.8 +/- 6.1 kg) or fat (9.0 +/- 6.0 kg) loss than a diet with 800 mg of calcium (10.0 +/- 6.8 and 7.5 +/- 6.6 kg, respectively). A diet with 1400 mg of calcium, increased fiber content, and fewer high-glycemic index foods did not result in greater weight (10.6 +/- 6.8 kg) or fat (8.5 +/- 7.8 kg) loss than the standard diet with 800 mg of calcium. Lipid profile, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, leptin, fasting glucose, and insulin improved significantly, but there were no significant differences between the experimental diets and the control diet.

DISCUSSION

We found no evidence that diets higher than 800 mg of calcium in dairy products or higher in fiber and lower in glycemic index enhance weight reduction beyond what is seen with calorie restriction alone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Thompson.Warren@mayo.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16129716

Citation

Thompson, Warren G., et al. "Effect of Energy-reduced Diets High in Dairy Products and Fiber On Weight Loss in Obese Adults." Obesity Research, vol. 13, no. 8, 2005, pp. 1344-53.
Thompson WG, Rostad Holdman N, Janzow DJ, et al. Effect of energy-reduced diets high in dairy products and fiber on weight loss in obese adults. Obes Res. 2005;13(8):1344-53.
Thompson, W. G., Rostad Holdman, N., Janzow, D. J., Slezak, J. M., Morris, K. L., & Zemel, M. B. (2005). Effect of energy-reduced diets high in dairy products and fiber on weight loss in obese adults. Obesity Research, 13(8), 1344-53.
Thompson WG, et al. Effect of Energy-reduced Diets High in Dairy Products and Fiber On Weight Loss in Obese Adults. Obes Res. 2005;13(8):1344-53. PubMed PMID: 16129716.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of energy-reduced diets high in dairy products and fiber on weight loss in obese adults. AU - Thompson,Warren G, AU - Rostad Holdman,Nicole, AU - Janzow,Denise J, AU - Slezak,Jeffrey M, AU - Morris,Kristin L, AU - Zemel,Michael B, PY - 2005/9/1/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/9/1/entrez SP - 1344 EP - 53 JF - Obesity research JO - Obes Res VL - 13 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest that high-dairy and high-fiber/low-glycemic index diets may facilitate weight loss, but data are conflicting. The effects on weight loss and body fat of a high-dairy diet and a diet high in dairy and fiber and low in glycemic index were compared with a standard diet. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Ninety obese subjects were recruited into a randomized trial of three diets designed to provide a calorie deficit of 500 calories/d over a 48-week period. The study compared a moderate (not low)-calcium diet with a high-calcium diet. RESULTS: Seventy-two subjects completed the study. Significant weight and fat loss occurred with all three diets. A diet with 1400 mg of calcium did not result in greater weight (11.8 +/- 6.1 kg) or fat (9.0 +/- 6.0 kg) loss than a diet with 800 mg of calcium (10.0 +/- 6.8 and 7.5 +/- 6.6 kg, respectively). A diet with 1400 mg of calcium, increased fiber content, and fewer high-glycemic index foods did not result in greater weight (10.6 +/- 6.8 kg) or fat (8.5 +/- 7.8 kg) loss than the standard diet with 800 mg of calcium. Lipid profile, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, leptin, fasting glucose, and insulin improved significantly, but there were no significant differences between the experimental diets and the control diet. DISCUSSION: We found no evidence that diets higher than 800 mg of calcium in dairy products or higher in fiber and lower in glycemic index enhance weight reduction beyond what is seen with calorie restriction alone. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16129716/Effect_of_energy_reduced_diets_high_in_dairy_products_and_fiber_on_weight_loss_in_obese_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2005.163 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -