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Glucosinolates and fatty acid, sterol, and tocopherol composition of seed oils from Capparis spinosa Var. spinosa and Capparis ovata Desf. Var. canescens (Coss.) Heywood.
J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Sep 07; 53(18):7136-41.JA

Abstract

Seed oils of 11 samples of Capparis ovata and Capparis spinosa from different locations in Turkey were characterized with regard to the composition of fatty acids, tocopherols, and sterols as well as the content of glucosinolates. The oil content of the seeds ranged from 27.3 to 37.6 g/100 g (C. spinosa) and from 14.6 to 38.0 g/100 g (C. ovata). The dominating fatty acid of both species was linoleic acid, which accounted for 26.9-55.3% in C. ovata seed oils and for 24.6-50.5% in C. spinosa seed oils. Oleic acid and its isomer, vaccenic acid, were both found in the seed oils in concentrations between 10 and 30%, respectively. The seed oils of both species were rich in tocopherols with the following composition: gamma-tocopherol, 124.3-1944.9 mg/100 g; delta-tocopherol, 2.7-269.5 mg/100 g; and alpha-tocopherol, 0.6-13.8 mg/100 g. The concentration of total sterols ranged from 4875.5 to 12189.1 mg/kg (C. ovata) and from 4961.8 to 10009.1 mg/kg (C. spinosa), respectively. In addition to sitosterol, which amounted to approximately 60% of the total amount of sterols, campesterol and stigmasterol accounted for 16 and 10% of the total sterols, respectively. The seed oils showed remarkably high contents of Delta5-avenasterol (between 138.8 and 599.4 mg/kg). The total content of glucosinolates of C. ovata and C. spinosa samples was determined as 34.5-84.6 micromol/g for C. ovata and 42.6-88.9 micromol/g for C. spinosa, respectively, on a dry weight basis, with >95% as glucocapperin.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Lipid Research, Federal Research Center for Nutrition and Food, 48006 Münster, Germany. matthaus@uni-muenster.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16131121

Citation

Matthäus, Bertrand, and Musa Ozcan. "Glucosinolates and Fatty Acid, Sterol, and Tocopherol Composition of Seed Oils From Capparis Spinosa Var. Spinosa and Capparis Ovata Desf. Var. Canescens (Coss.) Heywood." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 18, 2005, pp. 7136-41.
Matthäus B, Ozcan M. Glucosinolates and fatty acid, sterol, and tocopherol composition of seed oils from Capparis spinosa Var. spinosa and Capparis ovata Desf. Var. canescens (Coss.) Heywood. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53(18):7136-41.
Matthäus, B., & Ozcan, M. (2005). Glucosinolates and fatty acid, sterol, and tocopherol composition of seed oils from Capparis spinosa Var. spinosa and Capparis ovata Desf. Var. canescens (Coss.) Heywood. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(18), 7136-41.
Matthäus B, Ozcan M. Glucosinolates and Fatty Acid, Sterol, and Tocopherol Composition of Seed Oils From Capparis Spinosa Var. Spinosa and Capparis Ovata Desf. Var. Canescens (Coss.) Heywood. J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Sep 7;53(18):7136-41. PubMed PMID: 16131121.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Glucosinolates and fatty acid, sterol, and tocopherol composition of seed oils from Capparis spinosa Var. spinosa and Capparis ovata Desf. Var. canescens (Coss.) Heywood. AU - Matthäus,Bertrand, AU - Ozcan,Musa, PY - 2005/9/1/pubmed PY - 2005/10/12/medline PY - 2005/9/1/entrez SP - 7136 EP - 41 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 53 IS - 18 N2 - Seed oils of 11 samples of Capparis ovata and Capparis spinosa from different locations in Turkey were characterized with regard to the composition of fatty acids, tocopherols, and sterols as well as the content of glucosinolates. The oil content of the seeds ranged from 27.3 to 37.6 g/100 g (C. spinosa) and from 14.6 to 38.0 g/100 g (C. ovata). The dominating fatty acid of both species was linoleic acid, which accounted for 26.9-55.3% in C. ovata seed oils and for 24.6-50.5% in C. spinosa seed oils. Oleic acid and its isomer, vaccenic acid, were both found in the seed oils in concentrations between 10 and 30%, respectively. The seed oils of both species were rich in tocopherols with the following composition: gamma-tocopherol, 124.3-1944.9 mg/100 g; delta-tocopherol, 2.7-269.5 mg/100 g; and alpha-tocopherol, 0.6-13.8 mg/100 g. The concentration of total sterols ranged from 4875.5 to 12189.1 mg/kg (C. ovata) and from 4961.8 to 10009.1 mg/kg (C. spinosa), respectively. In addition to sitosterol, which amounted to approximately 60% of the total amount of sterols, campesterol and stigmasterol accounted for 16 and 10% of the total sterols, respectively. The seed oils showed remarkably high contents of Delta5-avenasterol (between 138.8 and 599.4 mg/kg). The total content of glucosinolates of C. ovata and C. spinosa samples was determined as 34.5-84.6 micromol/g for C. ovata and 42.6-88.9 micromol/g for C. spinosa, respectively, on a dry weight basis, with >95% as glucocapperin. SN - 0021-8561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16131121/Glucosinolates_and_fatty_acid_sterol_and_tocopherol_composition_of_seed_oils_from_Capparis_spinosa_Var__spinosa_and_Capparis_ovata_Desf__Var__canescens__Coss___Heywood_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051019u DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -