[Changes and relations of soluble plasma CD40L and matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels in patients with coronary heart disease].Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2004; 29(5):517-20ZN
To investigate the serum soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) levels in coronary heart disease and its relationship with MMP-9 and to explore the potential predicting factor for the acute coronary syndrome.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the sCD40L and MMP-9 in 79 patients with coronary heart disease.
sCD40L level was significantly higher in patients with acute coronary syndrome [(1.96 +/- 0.84) ng/ml and (2.23 +/- 0.99) ng/ml in unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction group, respectively] than in stable coronary heart disease patients [(1.20 +/- 0.76) ng/ml, P < 0.05]. Serum sCD40L was significantly correlated with MMP-9 (r = 0.401 , P < 0.01), and sCD40L level was significantly correlated with TG (r = 0.254, P = 0.039), HDL (r = -0.234, P = 0.031), and HDL-C (r = -0.253, P = 0.024).
Serum sCD40L and MMP-9 levels were elevated in acute coronary syndrome, suggesting the possible relation to the pathogenesis of ACS and it may serve as a potential marker of plaque stability.