Protective effect of vineatrol against kainic acid induced seizures, oxidative stress and on the expression of heat shock proteins in rats.Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Feb; 16(2):85-91.EN
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an antioxidant vineatrol against kainic acid-induced seizures, markers of oxidative stress and expression of heat shock protein in brain. In rats, kainic acid (10 mg/kg i.p.) induced long lasting seizures, associated behavioral symptoms and brain damage and significantly increased level of brain malondialdehyde (MDA) (283 +/- 42 nmol/g wet tissue) as compared to control (173.3 +/- 10.2 nmol/g wet tissue). Pretreatment (5 min) of vineatrol (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg i.p.) could not inhibit the convulsions though the latency was significantly increased with 20 and 40 mg/kg. However when the drug was administrated 5 min prior and repeated at 30 and 90 min after kainic acid there was significant reduction in incidence of convulsions. The brain MDA levels were also found to be significantly attenuated, however the glutathione levels were not different in control, kainic acid and vineatrol treated animals. Expression of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 was observed in the kainic acid per se group indicating neurotoxicity as compared to the control group and was reduced by vineatrol. The study suggests the potential use of vineatrol in status epilepticus.