[Comparison study on diagnostic and prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and atrium natriuretic peptide in chronic congestive heart failure].Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2005 Sep; 17(9):544-7.ZW
To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and atrium natriuretic peptide (ANP) in chronic congestive heart failure.
Seventy-one coronary heart disease patients were enrolled in the study. Among them 58 patients were accompanied by heart failure and 13 with no heart failure. Plasma NT-ProBNP was determined with enzyme linked immunoadsorbent assay method, and plasma ANP was determined with radioimmunoassay method. The results were compared with those of 30 healthy individuals. All patients were followed up accordingly.
Compared with patients with no heart failure and healthy individuals, the patients with heart failure had a higher plasma NT-proBNP and ANP contents. Cardiac function grade IV patients had a significantly higher plasma NT-ProBNP than cardiac function grade II and III patients, and their plasma ANP level was significantly higher than that of cardiac function grade III patients, but there was no significantly difference in ANP content between cardiac function grade IV and II. The diagnostic sensitivity of NT-proBNP and ANP was 94.38% and 75.86%, respectively. The diagnostic specificity of NT-proBNP and ANP was 96.67%, 83.33%, respectively. In the heart failure group, after being followed up for (11.35+/-1.69) months, it was found that there was no significant difference in the plasma NT-proBNP and ANP between the deaths and surviving patients.
The diagnostic value of NT-proBNP in chronic heart failure is higher than that of ANP. According to our follow-up result, the plasma NT-proBNP and ANP can not be relied upon to predict short-term cardiogenic death in heart failure.