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Mathematically gifted male adolescents activate a unique brain network during mental rotation.
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Oct; 25(2):583-7.BR

Abstract

Mental rotation involves the creation and manipulation of internal images, with the later being particularly useful cognitive capacities when applied to high-level mathematical thinking and reasoning. Many neuroimaging studies have demonstrated mental rotation to be mediated primarily by the parietal lobes, particularly on the right side. Here, we use fMRI to show for the first time that when performing 3-dimensional mental rotations, mathematically gifted male adolescents engage a qualitatively different brain network than those of average math ability, one that involves bilateral activation of the parietal lobes and frontal cortex, along with heightened activation of the anterior cingulate. Reliance on the processing characteristics of this uniquely bilateral system and the interplay of these anterior/posterior regions may be contributors to their mathematical precocity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 74909-1162, USA. Michael.oboyle@ttu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16150579

Citation

O'Boyle, Michael W., et al. "Mathematically Gifted Male Adolescents Activate a Unique Brain Network During Mental Rotation." Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research, vol. 25, no. 2, 2005, pp. 583-7.
O'Boyle MW, Cunnington R, Silk TJ, et al. Mathematically gifted male adolescents activate a unique brain network during mental rotation. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005;25(2):583-7.
O'Boyle, M. W., Cunnington, R., Silk, T. J., Vaughan, D., Jackson, G., Syngeniotis, A., & Egan, G. F. (2005). Mathematically gifted male adolescents activate a unique brain network during mental rotation. Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research, 25(2), 583-7.
O'Boyle MW, et al. Mathematically Gifted Male Adolescents Activate a Unique Brain Network During Mental Rotation. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005;25(2):583-7. PubMed PMID: 16150579.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mathematically gifted male adolescents activate a unique brain network during mental rotation. AU - O'Boyle,Michael W, AU - Cunnington,Ross, AU - Silk,Timothy J, AU - Vaughan,David, AU - Jackson,Graeme, AU - Syngeniotis,Ari, AU - Egan,Gary F, Y1 - 2005/09/16/ PY - 2004/10/01/received PY - 2005/08/04/revised PY - 2005/08/05/accepted PY - 2005/9/10/pubmed PY - 2006/1/21/medline PY - 2005/9/10/entrez SP - 583 EP - 7 JF - Brain research. Cognitive brain research JO - Brain Res Cogn Brain Res VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - Mental rotation involves the creation and manipulation of internal images, with the later being particularly useful cognitive capacities when applied to high-level mathematical thinking and reasoning. Many neuroimaging studies have demonstrated mental rotation to be mediated primarily by the parietal lobes, particularly on the right side. Here, we use fMRI to show for the first time that when performing 3-dimensional mental rotations, mathematically gifted male adolescents engage a qualitatively different brain network than those of average math ability, one that involves bilateral activation of the parietal lobes and frontal cortex, along with heightened activation of the anterior cingulate. Reliance on the processing characteristics of this uniquely bilateral system and the interplay of these anterior/posterior regions may be contributors to their mathematical precocity. SN - 0926-6410 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16150579/Mathematically_gifted_male_adolescents_activate_a_unique_brain_network_during_mental_rotation_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0926-6410(05)00222-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -