Antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of two fixed-dose combinations of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide compared with valsartan monotherapy in patients with stage 2 or 3 systolic hypertension: an 8-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial.Clin Ther. 2005 Jul; 27(7):1013-21.CT
Combination therapy with at least 2 antihypertensive agents is usually needed to achieve appropriate blood pressure (BP) control in patients with isolated or predominant systolic hypertension. A currently recommended combination is a diuretic added to an angiotensin-receptor blocker.
This was a study of the effects on sitting systolic BP (SBP)of 2 combinations of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) compared with valsartan monotherapy in patients with stage 2 or 3 systolic hypertension (SBP > or =160 mm Hg and < or =200 mm Hg) with or without other cardiovascular risk factors.
After a placebo run-in period, patients were randomized to receive double-blind treatment with either valsartan 80 mg OD(monotherapy group) or valsartan 160 mg OD (combination-therapy groups) for 4 weeks, followed by forced titration to valsartan 160 mg OD (V160), valsartan 160 mg plus HCTZ 12.5 mg OD (V160 +HCTZ12.5), or valsartan 160 mg plus HCTZ 25 mg OD (V160 +HCTZ25) for an additional 4 weeks. End points were the change in SBP between the groups receiving combination therapy and the monotherapy group, between-group changes in diastolic BP (DBP), responder rates (SBP <140 mm Hg or a reduction in SBP of > or =20 mm Hg), and tolerability.
A total of 774 patients were randomized to treatment: 261 to V160, 258 to V160+HCTZ12.5, and 255 to V160 +HCTZ25. The intent-to-treat population consisted of 767 patients (411 men, 356 women; mean age, 60 years; mean weight, 84 kg; clinic mean [SD] baseline BP, 167.5 [8.1]/93.4 [9.1] mm Hg). All treatments produced significant reductions in SBP from baseline (mean [SD] reduction, 20.7 [15.7] mm Hg with V160, 27.9 [13.8] mm Hg with V160 +HCTZ12.5, and 28.3 [13.1] mm Hg with V160+HCTZ25; all, P < 0.05). DBP was reduced by 6.6 (8.9) mm Hg in the V160 group and by 10.2 (7.7) and 10.1 (7.8) mm Hg in the V160+HCTZ12.5 and V160 +HCTZ25 groups, respectively (all, P < 0.05). The additional reductions in BP with V160+HCTZ25 did not reach statistical significance compared with V160+HCTZ12.5. Responder rates were 56.9% in the V160 group, 74.4% in the V160+HCTZ12.5 group, and 75.0% in the V160 +HCTZ25 group P < 0.05, combination therapy vs monotherapy). Adverse events were reported by 27.5% of patients in the monotherapy group, compared with 28.6% and 34.0% in the groups that received V160+HCTZ12.5 and V160+HCTZ25, respectively; the differences were not significant between treatment groups.
Monotherapy with V160 was effective in these patients with stage 2 or 3 systolic hypertension. Significant additional reductions in SBP and DBP and an increase in responder rates were achieved with the addition to V160 of HCTZ12.5 and HCTZ25, with no significant effect on tolerability.