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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi adult soldiers.
Saudi Med J. 2005 Sep; 26(9):1360-6.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi male soldiers aged 20 years and above using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III).

METHODS

We performed a cross-sectional survey involving a group of 2250 Saudi male soldiers aged 20-60 years residing in a military city in Northern Saudi Arabia in 2004. Participants were recruited from a primary care setting. Anthropometric data together with a brief medical history were obtained from the subjects at initial contact. Laboratory investigations were performed on the following day after fasting for 12 hours. Data on all variables required to define the metabolic syndrome according to NCEP ATP III criteria were available only for 1079 subjects who attended the laboratory for investigations (response rate: 47.9%). Data obtained from these subjects were analyzed excluding the non-respondents from the study sample.

RESULTS

The age-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be 20.8%. Abdominal obesity was the most common component in the study population (33.1%) closely followed by raised serum triglycerides (32.2%) and elevated systolic blood pressure (29.5%). Over two-thirds of the subjects (71%) exhibited at least one criterion for metabolic syndrome. Prevalence of individual factors and mean values of the components of the syndrome showed a steady increase with increase in age and body fat.

CONCLUSION

The estimated prevalence conforms to the rates found in other studies performed in the Middle East and elsewhere. High rates of this syndrome predict an increased burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes among Saudis over the next few years and call for effective healthcare planning to contain this epidemic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, Northern Area Armed Forces Hospital, King Khalid Military City, Post Box 10018, Hafr Al-Batin 31991, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. hateemco16@hotmail.com.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16155648

Citation

Al-Qahtani, Dhafer A., and Mohammed L. Imtiaz. "Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Saudi Adult Soldiers." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 26, no. 9, 2005, pp. 1360-6.
Al-Qahtani DA, Imtiaz ML. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi adult soldiers. Saudi Med J. 2005;26(9):1360-6.
Al-Qahtani, D. A., & Imtiaz, M. L. (2005). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi adult soldiers. Saudi Medical Journal, 26(9), 1360-6.
Al-Qahtani DA, Imtiaz ML. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Saudi Adult Soldiers. Saudi Med J. 2005;26(9):1360-6. PubMed PMID: 16155648.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi adult soldiers. AU - Al-Qahtani,Dhafer A, AU - Imtiaz,Mohammed L, PY - 2005/9/13/pubmed PY - 2007/9/20/medline PY - 2005/9/13/entrez SP - 1360 EP - 6 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 26 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi male soldiers aged 20 years and above using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III). METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey involving a group of 2250 Saudi male soldiers aged 20-60 years residing in a military city in Northern Saudi Arabia in 2004. Participants were recruited from a primary care setting. Anthropometric data together with a brief medical history were obtained from the subjects at initial contact. Laboratory investigations were performed on the following day after fasting for 12 hours. Data on all variables required to define the metabolic syndrome according to NCEP ATP III criteria were available only for 1079 subjects who attended the laboratory for investigations (response rate: 47.9%). Data obtained from these subjects were analyzed excluding the non-respondents from the study sample. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be 20.8%. Abdominal obesity was the most common component in the study population (33.1%) closely followed by raised serum triglycerides (32.2%) and elevated systolic blood pressure (29.5%). Over two-thirds of the subjects (71%) exhibited at least one criterion for metabolic syndrome. Prevalence of individual factors and mean values of the components of the syndrome showed a steady increase with increase in age and body fat. CONCLUSION: The estimated prevalence conforms to the rates found in other studies performed in the Middle East and elsewhere. High rates of this syndrome predict an increased burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes among Saudis over the next few years and call for effective healthcare planning to contain this epidemic. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16155648/Prevalence_of_metabolic_syndrome_in_Saudi_adult_soldiers_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -