Long-term inhibition of angiotensin prevents reduction of periarterial innervation of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing nerves in spontaneously hypertensive rats.Hypertens Res. 2005 May; 28(5):465-74.HR
The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes in the density of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing nerve fibers in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and the effects of long-term inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system on these changes. The density of immunocytochemically stained nerve fibers in the mesenteric artery was quantified by computer-assisted image processing. An age-related decrease in the density of CGRP-like immunoreactive (LI)-containing nerve fivers but not neuropeptide Y (NPY)-LI-containing sympathetic nerve fibers was found in the mesenteric artery of SHR but not Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). The density of NPY-LI-containing sympathetic nerve fibers was significantly greater in SHR than in WKY. SHR were treated for 7 weeks with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (0.005% temocapril), angiotensin II type-1 (AT1) receptor antagonist (0.025% losartan) or vasodilator (0.01% hydralazine) in their drinking water. Each drug treatment significantly lowered the systolic blood pressure measured by tail-cuff method. Long-term treatment of SHR with temocapril and losartan significantly increased the density of CGRP-LI-containing nerve fibers in mesenteric arteries. However, the density after hydralazine treatment was similar to the level in non-treated SHR. The density of NPY-LI-containing nerve fibers was not increased by any of the drug treatments. These results suggest that long-term inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in SHR prevents remodeling of CGRPergic nerve fibers and prevents the reduction of CGRPergic nerve function.