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Physical and mental health shortly after a disaster: first results from the Enschede firework disaster study.
Eur J Public Health. 2006 Jun; 16(3):253-9.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Two to three weeks after the explosion of a fireworks storage facility in a residential area (May 2000, Enschede, The Netherlands) we assessed the self-reported physical and mental health among those affected by the disaster.

METHODS

A questionnaire survey was conducted among 3792 residents, passers-by, and rescue workers, who were involved in and/or affected by the disaster and were > or =18 years of age.

RESULTS

At least 30% of those affected by the disaster reported serious physical and mental health problems 2-3 weeks after the explosion. Compared with reference values in the general Dutch population, high scores were found for somatic symptoms, sleeping problems, and restrictions in daily functioning due to physical and mental problems, such as anxiety, depression, and feelings of insufficiency. The strength of these differences varied between groups, based on the level of involvement and the level of being affected.

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate that the fireworks disaster had a substantial impact on the health of those affected by the disaster. The health impact was most pronounced for residents and passers-by and also for rescue workers living in the affected area, but to a lesser degree. Physical and mental health problems were strongly associated with the shocking experiences during and shortly after the disaster.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Environmental Health Research (MGO), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands. irene.van.kamp@rivm.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16157614

Citation

van Kamp, Irene, et al. "Physical and Mental Health Shortly After a Disaster: First Results From the Enschede Firework Disaster Study." European Journal of Public Health, vol. 16, no. 3, 2006, pp. 253-9.
van Kamp I, van der Velden PG, Stellato RK, et al. Physical and mental health shortly after a disaster: first results from the Enschede firework disaster study. Eur J Public Health. 2006;16(3):253-9.
van Kamp, I., van der Velden, P. G., Stellato, R. K., Roorda, J., van Loon, J., Kleber, R. J., Gersons, B. B., & Lebret, E. (2006). Physical and mental health shortly after a disaster: first results from the Enschede firework disaster study. European Journal of Public Health, 16(3), 253-9.
van Kamp I, et al. Physical and Mental Health Shortly After a Disaster: First Results From the Enschede Firework Disaster Study. Eur J Public Health. 2006;16(3):253-9. PubMed PMID: 16157614.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physical and mental health shortly after a disaster: first results from the Enschede firework disaster study. AU - van Kamp,Irene, AU - van der Velden,Peter G, AU - Stellato,Rebecca K, AU - Roorda,Jan, AU - van Loon,Jeanne, AU - Kleber,Rolf J, AU - Gersons,Bertold B R, AU - Lebret,Erik, Y1 - 2005/09/12/ PY - 2005/9/15/pubmed PY - 2006/11/4/medline PY - 2005/9/15/entrez SP - 253 EP - 9 JF - European journal of public health JO - Eur J Public Health VL - 16 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Two to three weeks after the explosion of a fireworks storage facility in a residential area (May 2000, Enschede, The Netherlands) we assessed the self-reported physical and mental health among those affected by the disaster. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 3792 residents, passers-by, and rescue workers, who were involved in and/or affected by the disaster and were > or =18 years of age. RESULTS: At least 30% of those affected by the disaster reported serious physical and mental health problems 2-3 weeks after the explosion. Compared with reference values in the general Dutch population, high scores were found for somatic symptoms, sleeping problems, and restrictions in daily functioning due to physical and mental problems, such as anxiety, depression, and feelings of insufficiency. The strength of these differences varied between groups, based on the level of involvement and the level of being affected. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that the fireworks disaster had a substantial impact on the health of those affected by the disaster. The health impact was most pronounced for residents and passers-by and also for rescue workers living in the affected area, but to a lesser degree. Physical and mental health problems were strongly associated with the shocking experiences during and shortly after the disaster. SN - 1101-1262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16157614/Physical_and_mental_health_shortly_after_a_disaster:_first_results_from_the_Enschede_firework_disaster_study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/eurpub/cki188 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -