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[Suicidal behavior in adolescents--psychopathology and addictive comorbidity].
Neuropsychopharmacol Hung. 2005 Jun; 7(2):66-71.NH

Abstract

Despite of the decreasing suicide rates, the number of suicide attempts--peculiarly in the adolescent population--shows a growing tendency. Due to the small amount of study results the problem remains hard to assess. Child and Adolescent Self harm in Europe (CASE) study, allows us to explore self-reported suicidal behavior among adolescents more exactly. This European multicentre study has a special focus on adolescent suicidal behavior (suicidal thoughts, ideation, deliberate self harm, suicide attempt) and other self destructive behavior (drug, alcohol) as well as psychopathological symptoms (anxiety, depression, impulsivity, aggression) and it also investigates coping strategies, life events and family background. In the representative school-based community study an anonymous, self-reported questionnaire were conducted with 4408 (males: 2388, females: 2020) 15 and 16 year-old pupils. Out of the 4408 pupils 7.8% (males: 4.6%, females: 11.6%) of the adolescents reported former suicide attempt, 1.6% of the boys and 3.6% of the girls reported about more than one suicide attempts. According to the statistical analysis the suicidal group greatly differs from the non-suicidal one. Suicidal adolescents were more likely to use alcohol, drugs or nicotine than their non-suicidal peers. Drug abuse was four times more common among suicidal boys, and five times more common among suicidal girls than in the non-suicidal group. 30% of the boys and 13% of the girls used more than one kind of drug. The use of ecstasy and sedatohypnotic drugs showed the most spectacular difference between suicidal and non-suicidal teenagers in both genders. Suicide attempters usually had higher scores in scales measuring anxiety, depression, impulsivity, while their self-esteem was significantly lower. The comparative analysis has revealed that suicide attempters compose a subgroup with more severe psychopathology (anxiety, depression, and impulsivity), lower self-esteem and ineffective coping strategies. Suicidal behavior frequently appeared with addictive problems. The results of our study may help in recognizing the role of risk factors coexisting with suicidal behavior and thus making it easier for schools to have adequate and effective prevention programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

PTE Pszichiatriai és Pszichoterápiás Klinika, Pécs. viktor.voros@aok.pte.huNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

hun

PubMed ID

16167457

Citation

Vörös, Viktor, et al. "[Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents--psychopathology and Addictive Comorbidity]." Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakologiai Egyesulet Lapja = Official Journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology, vol. 7, no. 2, 2005, pp. 66-71.
Vörös V, Fekete S, Hewitt A, et al. [Suicidal behavior in adolescents--psychopathology and addictive comorbidity]. Neuropsychopharmacol Hung. 2005;7(2):66-71.
Vörös, V., Fekete, S., Hewitt, A., & Osváth, P. (2005). [Suicidal behavior in adolescents--psychopathology and addictive comorbidity]. Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakologiai Egyesulet Lapja = Official Journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology, 7(2), 66-71.
Vörös V, et al. [Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents--psychopathology and Addictive Comorbidity]. Neuropsychopharmacol Hung. 2005;7(2):66-71. PubMed PMID: 16167457.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Suicidal behavior in adolescents--psychopathology and addictive comorbidity]. AU - Vörös,Viktor, AU - Fekete,Sándor, AU - Hewitt,Anthea, AU - Osváth,Péter, PY - 2005/9/20/pubmed PY - 2005/11/3/medline PY - 2005/9/20/entrez SP - 66 EP - 71 JF - Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakologiai Egyesulet lapja = official journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology JO - Neuropsychopharmacol Hung VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - Despite of the decreasing suicide rates, the number of suicide attempts--peculiarly in the adolescent population--shows a growing tendency. Due to the small amount of study results the problem remains hard to assess. Child and Adolescent Self harm in Europe (CASE) study, allows us to explore self-reported suicidal behavior among adolescents more exactly. This European multicentre study has a special focus on adolescent suicidal behavior (suicidal thoughts, ideation, deliberate self harm, suicide attempt) and other self destructive behavior (drug, alcohol) as well as psychopathological symptoms (anxiety, depression, impulsivity, aggression) and it also investigates coping strategies, life events and family background. In the representative school-based community study an anonymous, self-reported questionnaire were conducted with 4408 (males: 2388, females: 2020) 15 and 16 year-old pupils. Out of the 4408 pupils 7.8% (males: 4.6%, females: 11.6%) of the adolescents reported former suicide attempt, 1.6% of the boys and 3.6% of the girls reported about more than one suicide attempts. According to the statistical analysis the suicidal group greatly differs from the non-suicidal one. Suicidal adolescents were more likely to use alcohol, drugs or nicotine than their non-suicidal peers. Drug abuse was four times more common among suicidal boys, and five times more common among suicidal girls than in the non-suicidal group. 30% of the boys and 13% of the girls used more than one kind of drug. The use of ecstasy and sedatohypnotic drugs showed the most spectacular difference between suicidal and non-suicidal teenagers in both genders. Suicide attempters usually had higher scores in scales measuring anxiety, depression, impulsivity, while their self-esteem was significantly lower. The comparative analysis has revealed that suicide attempters compose a subgroup with more severe psychopathology (anxiety, depression, and impulsivity), lower self-esteem and ineffective coping strategies. Suicidal behavior frequently appeared with addictive problems. The results of our study may help in recognizing the role of risk factors coexisting with suicidal behavior and thus making it easier for schools to have adequate and effective prevention programs. SN - 1419-8711 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16167457/[Suicidal_behavior_in_adolescents__psychopathology_and_addictive_comorbidity]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/teenmentalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -