Cytosolic phospholipase A2 alpha-deficient mice are resistant to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.J Exp Med. 2005 Sep 19; 202(6):841-51.JE
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a Th1-mediated inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS), is a model of human multiple sclerosis. Cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha (cPLA2alpha), which initiates production of prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and platelet-activating factor, is present in EAE lesions. Using myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) immunization, as well as an adoptive transfer model, we showed that cPLA2alpha-/- mice are resistant to EAE. Histologic examination of the CNS from MOG-immunized mice revealed extensive inflammatory lesions in the cPLA2alpha+/- mice, whereas the lesions in cPLA2alpha-/- mice were reduced greatly or completely absent. MOG-specific T cells generated from WT mice induced less severe EAE in cPLA2alpha-/- mice compared with cPLA2alpha+/- mice, which indicates that cPLA2alpha plays a role in the effector phase of EAE. Additionally, MOG-specific T cells from cPLA2alpha-/- mice, transferred into WT mice, induced EAE with delayed onset and lower severity compared with EAE that was induced by control cells; this indicates that cPLA2alpha also plays a role in the induction phase of EAE. MOG-specific T cells from cPLA2alpha-/- mice were deficient in production of Th1-type cytokines. Consistent with this deficiency, in vivo administration of IL-12 rendered cPLA2alpha-/- mice susceptible to EAE. Our data indicate that cPLA2alpha plays an important role in EAE development and facilitates differentiation of T cells toward the Th1 phenotype.