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Mothers' and fathers' behaviors toward their 3- to 4-month-old infants in lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic African American families.
Dev Psychol. 2005 Sep; 41(5):723-32.DP

Abstract

African American mothers' and fathers' availability, caregiving, and social behaviors toward their infants in and around their homes were examined. Twenty lower, 21 middle, and 21 upper socioeconomic families and their 3- to 4-month-old infants were observed for 4 3-hr blocks between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on 4 different weekdays. With increasing economic resources, children's exposure to multiple caregivers and nonresident fathers declined. Mothers were more available to infants than fathers were, regardless of socioeconomic status. Mothers fed infants more than fathers did, whereas fathers vocalized more and displayed more affection to infants than mothers did when they were examined in proportion to caregiver presence. Mothers and fathers interacted with male and female infants quite similarly, although, in the upper socioeconomic families, fathers of daughters were more available than fathers of sons. Fathers and mothers in the different socioeconomic groups held, displayed affection to, and soothed their infants differently.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child and Family Studies, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA. jroopnar@syr.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16173870

Citation

Roopnarine, Jaipaul L., et al. "Mothers' and Fathers' Behaviors Toward Their 3- to 4-month-old Infants in Lower, Middle, and Upper Socioeconomic African American Families." Developmental Psychology, vol. 41, no. 5, 2005, pp. 723-32.
Roopnarine JL, Fouts HN, Lamb ME, et al. Mothers' and fathers' behaviors toward their 3- to 4-month-old infants in lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic African American families. Dev Psychol. 2005;41(5):723-32.
Roopnarine, J. L., Fouts, H. N., Lamb, M. E., & Lewis-Elligan, T. Y. (2005). Mothers' and fathers' behaviors toward their 3- to 4-month-old infants in lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic African American families. Developmental Psychology, 41(5), 723-32.
Roopnarine JL, et al. Mothers' and Fathers' Behaviors Toward Their 3- to 4-month-old Infants in Lower, Middle, and Upper Socioeconomic African American Families. Dev Psychol. 2005;41(5):723-32. PubMed PMID: 16173870.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mothers' and fathers' behaviors toward their 3- to 4-month-old infants in lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic African American families. AU - Roopnarine,Jaipaul L, AU - Fouts,Hillary N, AU - Lamb,Michael E, AU - Lewis-Elligan,Tracey Y, PY - 2005/9/22/pubmed PY - 2006/1/13/medline PY - 2005/9/22/entrez SP - 723 EP - 32 JF - Developmental psychology JO - Dev Psychol VL - 41 IS - 5 N2 - African American mothers' and fathers' availability, caregiving, and social behaviors toward their infants in and around their homes were examined. Twenty lower, 21 middle, and 21 upper socioeconomic families and their 3- to 4-month-old infants were observed for 4 3-hr blocks between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on 4 different weekdays. With increasing economic resources, children's exposure to multiple caregivers and nonresident fathers declined. Mothers were more available to infants than fathers were, regardless of socioeconomic status. Mothers fed infants more than fathers did, whereas fathers vocalized more and displayed more affection to infants than mothers did when they were examined in proportion to caregiver presence. Mothers and fathers interacted with male and female infants quite similarly, although, in the upper socioeconomic families, fathers of daughters were more available than fathers of sons. Fathers and mothers in the different socioeconomic groups held, displayed affection to, and soothed their infants differently. SN - 0012-1649 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16173870/Mothers'_and_fathers'_behaviors_toward_their_3__to_4_month_old_infants_in_lower_middle_and_upper_socioeconomic_African_American_families_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/41/5/723 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -