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Association between mind-body and cardiovascular exercises and memory in older adults.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Oct; 53(10):1754-60.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To compare the memory function of older adults who regularly practiced mind-body (MB) or cardiovascular (CV) exercises with that of those who did not engage in regular exercise. Older adults who engaged in both types of exercise were also included to examine the combined effects.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study between 2002 and 2003.

SETTING

Older adults from a local community in Hong Kong.

PARTICIPANTS

One hundred forty adults aged 56 and older.

MEASUREMENTS

The Hong Kong List Learning Test was used to assess the memory of all participants. It is a clinically validated Chinese verbal-memory test that measures various aspects of memory processing, including learning, retention, and retrieval abilities. MB and CV exercises were defined using three dimensions: motion speed, emphasis on relaxing the mind, and conscious control of movement.

RESULTS

Older adults who practiced MB or CV exercises demonstrated a similar level of memory function, and their learning and memory was better than that of individuals who did not exercise regularly. Those who practiced both types of exercises outperformed all other groups, even after corrected for the total hours of exercise. Although memory change across age was found in older adults who did not exercise, this trend was not observed in individuals who practiced MB exercises.

CONCLUSION

Practicing both MB and CV exercises appears to have a combined effect that might help to preserve memory in older adults. In addition, MB exercises may be considered as an alternative training for older adults who cannot practice strenuous physical exercise.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR, China. aschan@psy.cuhk.edu.hkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16181176

Citation

Chan, Agnes S., et al. "Association Between Mind-body and Cardiovascular Exercises and Memory in Older Adults." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 53, no. 10, 2005, pp. 1754-60.
Chan AS, Ho YC, Cheung MC, et al. Association between mind-body and cardiovascular exercises and memory in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005;53(10):1754-60.
Chan, A. S., Ho, Y. C., Cheung, M. C., Albert, M. S., Chiu, H. F., & Lam, L. C. (2005). Association between mind-body and cardiovascular exercises and memory in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(10), 1754-60.
Chan AS, et al. Association Between Mind-body and Cardiovascular Exercises and Memory in Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005;53(10):1754-60. PubMed PMID: 16181176.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between mind-body and cardiovascular exercises and memory in older adults. AU - Chan,Agnes S, AU - Ho,Yim-chi, AU - Cheung,Mei-chun, AU - Albert,Marilyn S, AU - Chiu,Helen F K, AU - Lam,Linda C W, PY - 2005/9/27/pubmed PY - 2006/1/13/medline PY - 2005/9/27/entrez SP - 1754 EP - 60 JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society JO - J Am Geriatr Soc VL - 53 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To compare the memory function of older adults who regularly practiced mind-body (MB) or cardiovascular (CV) exercises with that of those who did not engage in regular exercise. Older adults who engaged in both types of exercise were also included to examine the combined effects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study between 2002 and 2003. SETTING: Older adults from a local community in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty adults aged 56 and older. MEASUREMENTS: The Hong Kong List Learning Test was used to assess the memory of all participants. It is a clinically validated Chinese verbal-memory test that measures various aspects of memory processing, including learning, retention, and retrieval abilities. MB and CV exercises were defined using three dimensions: motion speed, emphasis on relaxing the mind, and conscious control of movement. RESULTS: Older adults who practiced MB or CV exercises demonstrated a similar level of memory function, and their learning and memory was better than that of individuals who did not exercise regularly. Those who practiced both types of exercises outperformed all other groups, even after corrected for the total hours of exercise. Although memory change across age was found in older adults who did not exercise, this trend was not observed in individuals who practiced MB exercises. CONCLUSION: Practicing both MB and CV exercises appears to have a combined effect that might help to preserve memory in older adults. In addition, MB exercises may be considered as an alternative training for older adults who cannot practice strenuous physical exercise. SN - 0002-8614 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16181176/Association_between_mind_body_and_cardiovascular_exercises_and_memory_in_older_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53513.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -