Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Foodborne general outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4 infection, England and Wales, 1992-2002: where are the risks?
Epidemiol Infect. 2005 Oct; 133(5):795-801.EI

Abstract

Foodborne outbreaks of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis phage type 4 (PT4) infection (n=497), reported to the Health Protection Agency Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre between 1992 and 2002, were compared with other pathogens (n=1148) to determine factors (season, setting, food vehicles, food safety faults) associated with this pathogen. Logistic regression was applied to control for potential confounding. Foodborne general outbreaks of S. Enteritidis PT4 infection were more likely to occur in the spring and summer, and were more often linked to schools, private residences and residential institutions. Eggs, egg products and the use of raw shell egg were strongly associated with this pathogen. Most outbreaks were linked to cross-contamination and inadequate heat treatment. This paper describes the decline in the S. Enteritidis PT4 epidemic, providing evidence that control measures introduced, e.g. improved biosecurity and vaccination, have worked. Continued surveillance of human and veterinary salmonellosis is essential to detect future problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gastrointestinal Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, UK. Iain.Gillespie@hpa.org.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16181497

Citation

Gillespie, I A., et al. "Foodborne General Outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis Phage Type 4 Infection, England and Wales, 1992-2002: Where Are the Risks?" Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 133, no. 5, 2005, pp. 795-801.
Gillespie IA, O'Brien SJ, Adak GK, et al. Foodborne general outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4 infection, England and Wales, 1992-2002: where are the risks? Epidemiol Infect. 2005;133(5):795-801.
Gillespie, I. A., O'Brien, S. J., Adak, G. K., Ward, L. R., & Smith, H. R. (2005). Foodborne general outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4 infection, England and Wales, 1992-2002: where are the risks? Epidemiology and Infection, 133(5), 795-801.
Gillespie IA, et al. Foodborne General Outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis Phage Type 4 Infection, England and Wales, 1992-2002: Where Are the Risks. Epidemiol Infect. 2005;133(5):795-801. PubMed PMID: 16181497.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Foodborne general outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4 infection, England and Wales, 1992-2002: where are the risks? AU - Gillespie,I A, AU - O'Brien,S J, AU - Adak,G K, AU - Ward,L R, AU - Smith,H R, PY - 2005/03/11/accepted PY - 2005/9/27/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/9/27/entrez SP - 795 EP - 801 JF - Epidemiology and infection JO - Epidemiol Infect VL - 133 IS - 5 N2 - Foodborne outbreaks of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis phage type 4 (PT4) infection (n=497), reported to the Health Protection Agency Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre between 1992 and 2002, were compared with other pathogens (n=1148) to determine factors (season, setting, food vehicles, food safety faults) associated with this pathogen. Logistic regression was applied to control for potential confounding. Foodborne general outbreaks of S. Enteritidis PT4 infection were more likely to occur in the spring and summer, and were more often linked to schools, private residences and residential institutions. Eggs, egg products and the use of raw shell egg were strongly associated with this pathogen. Most outbreaks were linked to cross-contamination and inadequate heat treatment. This paper describes the decline in the S. Enteritidis PT4 epidemic, providing evidence that control measures introduced, e.g. improved biosecurity and vaccination, have worked. Continued surveillance of human and veterinary salmonellosis is essential to detect future problems. SN - 0950-2688 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16181497/Foodborne_general_outbreaks_of_Salmonella_Enteritidis_phage_type_4_infection_England_and_Wales_1992_2002:_where_are_the_risks L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0950268805004474/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -