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Characteristics of selectors of nicotine replacement therapy.
Tob Control. 2005 Oct; 14(5):346-55.TC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess differences in demographic and smoking characteristics between smokers who have and have not used nicotine replacement therapy (NRT).

DESIGN

Mail survey of US smokers from a national research panel.

PARTICIPANTS

Smokers 18 years and over who returned a survey on smoking (n = 9630). The sample was weighted to match the US smoker population on age and sex.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Compared smokers who had/had not used NRT in a quit attempt (ever NRT use or over the counter (OTC) NRT use) on: demographic characteristics, nicotine dependence, history of craving and withdrawal, expected difficulty quitting, and self reported history of smoking related medical illness and psychopathology.

RESULTS

NRT users (both ever-users and OTC users) were more likely to be older, male, and better educated. They were also heavier smokers, had experienced more craving and withdrawal upon quitting, and scored higher on measures of dependence. These differences were evident among light smokers, and remained even when smoking rate and time to first cigarette were controlled.

CONCLUSION

Smokers who elect to use NRT differ from non-NRT users in ways that predispose them to failure in cessation. Controlling for smoking rate and time to first cigarette does not eliminate these differences, even among light smokers. These differences must be considered when comparing the effectiveness of NRT among samples of smokers who self select their treatment and are likely to bias such outcome comparisons.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pinney Associates and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. shiffman@pinneyassociates.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16183986

Citation

Shiffman, S, et al. "Characteristics of Selectors of Nicotine Replacement Therapy." Tobacco Control, vol. 14, no. 5, 2005, pp. 346-55.
Shiffman S, Di Marino ME, Sweeney CT. Characteristics of selectors of nicotine replacement therapy. Tob Control. 2005;14(5):346-55.
Shiffman, S., Di Marino, M. E., & Sweeney, C. T. (2005). Characteristics of selectors of nicotine replacement therapy. Tobacco Control, 14(5), 346-55.
Shiffman S, Di Marino ME, Sweeney CT. Characteristics of Selectors of Nicotine Replacement Therapy. Tob Control. 2005;14(5):346-55. PubMed PMID: 16183986.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of selectors of nicotine replacement therapy. AU - Shiffman,S, AU - Di Marino,M E, AU - Sweeney,C T, PY - 2005/9/27/pubmed PY - 2006/2/14/medline PY - 2005/9/27/entrez SP - 346 EP - 55 JF - Tobacco control JO - Tob Control VL - 14 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in demographic and smoking characteristics between smokers who have and have not used nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). DESIGN: Mail survey of US smokers from a national research panel. PARTICIPANTS: Smokers 18 years and over who returned a survey on smoking (n = 9630). The sample was weighted to match the US smoker population on age and sex. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Compared smokers who had/had not used NRT in a quit attempt (ever NRT use or over the counter (OTC) NRT use) on: demographic characteristics, nicotine dependence, history of craving and withdrawal, expected difficulty quitting, and self reported history of smoking related medical illness and psychopathology. RESULTS: NRT users (both ever-users and OTC users) were more likely to be older, male, and better educated. They were also heavier smokers, had experienced more craving and withdrawal upon quitting, and scored higher on measures of dependence. These differences were evident among light smokers, and remained even when smoking rate and time to first cigarette were controlled. CONCLUSION: Smokers who elect to use NRT differ from non-NRT users in ways that predispose them to failure in cessation. Controlling for smoking rate and time to first cigarette does not eliminate these differences, even among light smokers. These differences must be considered when comparing the effectiveness of NRT among samples of smokers who self select their treatment and are likely to bias such outcome comparisons. SN - 1468-3318 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16183986/Characteristics_of_selectors_of_nicotine_replacement_therapy_ L2 - https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16183986 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -