Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The relationship of gender and trauma characteristics to posttraumatic stress disorder in a community sample of traumatized northern plains American Indian adolescents and young adults.
J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 Sep; 66(9):1176-83.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Previous studies have identified a high prevalence (25%-80%) of trauma among American Indian and non-American Indian adolescents and adults. However, only a fraction of traumatized individuals develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article examines the relationships of gender and trauma characteristics to a diagnosis of PTSD among a community sample of traumatized American Indian adolescents and young adults.

METHOD

Complete data were collected from 349 American Indians aged 15 to 24 years who participated in a cross-sectional community-based study from July 1997 to December 1999 and reported experiencing at least 1 traumatic event. Traumatic events and PTSD were assessed using a version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Logistic regression determined the relationships of gender, trauma type, age at first trauma, and number of traumas to the development of PTSD.

RESULTS

Forty-two participants (12.0% of those who experienced a traumatic event) met criteria for lifetime PTSD. While all 4 of the independent variables noted above demonstrated univariate associations with PTSD, multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that only experiencing a sexual trauma (odds ratio [OR] = 4.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.76 to 11.28) and having experienced 6 or more traumas (OR = 2.53, 95% CI = 1.06 to 6.04) were independent predictors of meeting criteria for PTSD.

CONCLUSION

American Indian children and adolescents who experience sexual trauma and multiple traumatic experiences may be at particularly high risk for developing PTSD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

American Indian and Alaska Native Programs, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16187777

Citation

Gnanadesikan, Mukund, et al. "The Relationship of Gender and Trauma Characteristics to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a Community Sample of Traumatized Northern Plains American Indian Adolescents and Young Adults." The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 9, 2005, pp. 1176-83.
Gnanadesikan M, Novins DK, Beals J, et al. The relationship of gender and trauma characteristics to posttraumatic stress disorder in a community sample of traumatized northern plains American Indian adolescents and young adults. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005;66(9):1176-83.
Gnanadesikan, M., Novins, D. K., & Beals, J. (2005). The relationship of gender and trauma characteristics to posttraumatic stress disorder in a community sample of traumatized northern plains American Indian adolescents and young adults. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 66(9), 1176-83.
Gnanadesikan M, et al. The Relationship of Gender and Trauma Characteristics to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a Community Sample of Traumatized Northern Plains American Indian Adolescents and Young Adults. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005;66(9):1176-83. PubMed PMID: 16187777.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship of gender and trauma characteristics to posttraumatic stress disorder in a community sample of traumatized northern plains American Indian adolescents and young adults. AU - Gnanadesikan,Mukund, AU - Novins,Douglas K, AU - Beals,Janette, AU - ,, PY - 2005/9/29/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/9/29/entrez SP - 1176 EP - 83 JF - The Journal of clinical psychiatry JO - J Clin Psychiatry VL - 66 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have identified a high prevalence (25%-80%) of trauma among American Indian and non-American Indian adolescents and adults. However, only a fraction of traumatized individuals develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article examines the relationships of gender and trauma characteristics to a diagnosis of PTSD among a community sample of traumatized American Indian adolescents and young adults. METHOD: Complete data were collected from 349 American Indians aged 15 to 24 years who participated in a cross-sectional community-based study from July 1997 to December 1999 and reported experiencing at least 1 traumatic event. Traumatic events and PTSD were assessed using a version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Logistic regression determined the relationships of gender, trauma type, age at first trauma, and number of traumas to the development of PTSD. RESULTS: Forty-two participants (12.0% of those who experienced a traumatic event) met criteria for lifetime PTSD. While all 4 of the independent variables noted above demonstrated univariate associations with PTSD, multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated that only experiencing a sexual trauma (odds ratio [OR] = 4.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.76 to 11.28) and having experienced 6 or more traumas (OR = 2.53, 95% CI = 1.06 to 6.04) were independent predictors of meeting criteria for PTSD. CONCLUSION: American Indian children and adolescents who experience sexual trauma and multiple traumatic experiences may be at particularly high risk for developing PTSD. SN - 0160-6689 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16187777/The_relationship_of_gender_and_trauma_characteristics_to_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in_a_community_sample_of_traumatized_northern_plains_American_Indian_adolescents_and_young_adults_ L2 - http://www.psychiatrist.com/jcp/article/pages/2005/v66n09/v66n0914.aspx DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -