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Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 years after.
Acta Paediatr. 2005 May; 94(5):514-22.AP

Abstract

The components of the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) intervention, their rational bases, and their current uses in low-, middle-, and high-income countries are described. KMC was started in 1978 in Bogotá (Colombia) in response to overcrowding and insufficient resources in neonatal intensive care units associated with high morbidity and mortality among low-birthweight infants. The intervention consists of continuous skin-to-skin contact between the mother and the infant, exclusive breastfeeding, and early home discharge in the kangaroo position. In studies of the physiological effects of KMC, the results for most variables were within clinically acceptable ranges or the same as those for premature infants under other forms of care. Body temperature and weight gain are significantly increased, and a meta-analysis showed that the kangaroo position increases the uptake and duration of breastfeeding. Investigations of the behavioral effects of KMC show rapid quiescence. The psychosocial effects of KMC include reduced stress, enhancement of mother-infant bonding, and positive effects on the family environment and the infant's cognitive development.

CONCLUSION

Past and current research has clarified some of the rational bases of KMC and has provided evidence for its effectiveness and safety, although more research is needed to clearly define the effectiveness of the various components of the intervention in different settings and for different therapeutic goals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kangaroo Foundation, Bogota, Colombia. herchar5@colomsat.net.coNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16188735

Citation

Charpak, Nathalie, et al. "Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 Years After." Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), vol. 94, no. 5, 2005, pp. 514-22.
Charpak N, Ruiz JG, Zupan J, et al. Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 years after. Acta Paediatr. 2005;94(5):514-22.
Charpak, N., Ruiz, J. G., Zupan, J., Cattaneo, A., Figueroa, Z., Tessier, R., Cristo, M., Anderson, G., Ludington, S., Mendoza, S., Mokhachane, M., & Worku, B. (2005). Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 years after. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 94(5), 514-22.
Charpak N, et al. Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 Years After. Acta Paediatr. 2005;94(5):514-22. PubMed PMID: 16188735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 years after. AU - Charpak,Nathalie, AU - Ruiz,Juan Gabriel, AU - Zupan,Jelka, AU - Cattaneo,Adriano, AU - Figueroa,Zita, AU - Tessier,Rejean, AU - Cristo,Martha, AU - Anderson,Gene, AU - Ludington,Susan, AU - Mendoza,Socorro, AU - Mokhachane,Mantoa, AU - Worku,Bogale, PY - 2005/9/29/pubmed PY - 2006/9/29/medline PY - 2005/9/29/entrez SP - 514 EP - 22 JF - Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) JO - Acta Paediatr VL - 94 IS - 5 N2 - UNLABELLED: The components of the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) intervention, their rational bases, and their current uses in low-, middle-, and high-income countries are described. KMC was started in 1978 in Bogotá (Colombia) in response to overcrowding and insufficient resources in neonatal intensive care units associated with high morbidity and mortality among low-birthweight infants. The intervention consists of continuous skin-to-skin contact between the mother and the infant, exclusive breastfeeding, and early home discharge in the kangaroo position. In studies of the physiological effects of KMC, the results for most variables were within clinically acceptable ranges or the same as those for premature infants under other forms of care. Body temperature and weight gain are significantly increased, and a meta-analysis showed that the kangaroo position increases the uptake and duration of breastfeeding. Investigations of the behavioral effects of KMC show rapid quiescence. The psychosocial effects of KMC include reduced stress, enhancement of mother-infant bonding, and positive effects on the family environment and the infant's cognitive development. CONCLUSION: Past and current research has clarified some of the rational bases of KMC and has provided evidence for its effectiveness and safety, although more research is needed to clearly define the effectiveness of the various components of the intervention in different settings and for different therapeutic goals. SN - 0803-5253 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16188735/Kangaroo_Mother_Care:_25_years_after_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2005.tb01930.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -