l-dopa-induced reversal in striatal glutamate following partial depletion of nigrostriatal dopamine with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine.Neuroscience. 2005; 136(1):333-41.N
We have reported that 1 month following acute (20mg/kg x 4) or subchronic (30 mg/kg/day x 7d) administration of the neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, there is an increase or decrease, respectively, in the extracellular level of striatal glutamate as determined by in vivo microdialysis [Robinson S, Freeman P, Moore C, Touchon JC, Krentz L, Meshul CK (2003) Acute and subchronic MPTP administration differentially affects striatal glutamate synaptic function. Exp Neurol 180:73-86]. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of treatment with l-dopa (15 mg/kg) for 21 days on striatal glutamate starting on day 8 after the first dose of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine was administered to mice. Following acute administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, the increase in extracellular striatal glutamate due to lesion of the nigrostriatal pathway was completely reversed to a level below that found in the vehicle-treated group after l-dopa treatment. Subchronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine treatment resulted in a decrease in striatal extracellular glutamate that was reversed to the level close to that observed in the vehicle-treated group. There was no change in the density of nerve terminal glutamate immunolabeling associated with the synaptic vesicle pool, suggesting that the alterations in extracellular glutamate most likely originated from the calcium-independent pool. There was a similar decrease in the relative density of tyrosine hydroxylase immunolabeling, a marker for dopamine terminals, within the dorsolateral striatum in both the acute and subchronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-treated groups that had been administered l-dopa. There was a decrease in the relative density of immunolabeling within the dorsolateral striatum for the glutamate transporter, GLT-1, following acute 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine treatment in the groups administered either vehicle or l-dopa. There was no change in GLT-1 immunolabeling following subchronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. The results demonstrate that the reversal in the extracellular level of striatal glutamate following l-dopa treatment in both the acute and subchronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-treated groups is not due to changes in either striatal dopamine nerve terminals or in the density of the glutamate transporter, GLT-1.