Simultaneous determination of inorganic anions and organic acids in amine solutions for sour gas treatment by capillary electrophoresis with indirect UV detection.J Chromatogr A. 2005 Dec 30; 1100(2):223-9.JC
A new CE method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of selected inorganic anions (bromide, chloride, thiosulfate, nitrite, nitrate, sulfate, thiocyanate, fluoride and phosphate) and organic acids (oxalic, malonic, formic, tartric, acetic, glycolic, propionic, butyric and cyclohexanoic) in amine solutions from sour gas treatment units. An electrolyte composed of 10 mM trimellitic acid, 200 mM Tris (pH 9.0), 0.1% polyvinyl alcohol provides a satisfactory separation of all analytes of interest. The electroosmotic flow is reversed by using hexadimethrine bromide as a semi-permanent positively charged coating, making the electrolyte free of additive. Indirect UV detection at 240 nm is used because of the weak absorbing properties of most of analytes. The addition of 1% diethanolamine in standard mixtures permits to better preserve them, inhibiting potential degradation processes, especially for thiosulfate. The quantification is performed using internal standardization, by which molybdate is used as internal standard. Moreover, the use of relative migration times and the excellent repeatabilities obtained allow unambiguous identification of analytes in real samples by comparison with standard mixture. It has been shown that no significant matrix effect came from the presence of 30% diethanolamine in amine solution samples and the developed method was characterized in terms of calibration linearity and accuracy using recovery tests. In short, the developed method allows the simultaneous and rapid determination, in difficult matrices, of numerous inorganic anions and organic acids characterized by a large range of electrophoretic mobilities.