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Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents.
Pediatrics. 2005 Oct; 116(4):e518-24.Ped

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Rates of overweight have increased dramatically among children in the United States. Although an increase in consumption of food prepared away from home has paralleled overweight trends, few data exist relating food prepared away from home to change in BMI in children. The goals of this study were to (1) examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between consumption of fried foods away from home (FFA) and BMI and (2) examine the cross-sectional associations between intake of FFA and several measures of diet quality.

METHODS

We studied a cohort of 7745 girls and 6610 boys, aged 9 to 14 years, at baseline in 1996. We obtained BMI from self-reported height and weight, measures of diet quality from a food frequency questionnaire, and weekly servings of FFA during the previous year. We performed linear regression analyses to assess the longitudinal associations between change in consumption of FFA on change in BMI, using data from three 1-year periods from 1996 through 1999. We also related consumption of FFA with intake of selected foods and nutrients at baseline.

RESULTS

In cross-sectional analyses, adjusting for potential confounders, mean (SE) BMI was 19.1 (0.13) among children who ate FFA "never or <1/week," 19.2 (0.13) among those who responded "1 to 3 times/week," and 19.3 (0.18) among those who responded "4 to 7 times/week." In longitudinal multivariate models, increasing (over 1 year) consumption of FFA "never or <1/week" to "4 to 7/week" was associated with increasing BMI (beta = 0.21 kg/m2; 95% confidence interval: 0.03-0.39) compared with those with low consumption of FFA at baseline and 1 year later. At baseline, frequency of eating FFA was associated with greater intakes of total energy, sugar-sweetened beverages, and trans fat, as well as lower consumption of low-fat dairy foods and fruits and vegetables.

CONCLUSIONS

These data suggest that older children who consume greater quantities of FFA are heavier, have greater total energy intakes, and have poorer diet quality. Furthermore, increasing consumption of FFA over time may lead to excess weight gain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA, USA. Elsie.Taveras@childrens.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16199680

Citation

Taveras, Elsie M., et al. "Association of Consumption of Fried Food Away From Home With Body Mass Index and Diet Quality in Older Children and Adolescents." Pediatrics, vol. 116, no. 4, 2005, pp. e518-24.
Taveras EM, Berkey CS, Rifas-Shiman SL, et al. Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2005;116(4):e518-24.
Taveras, E. M., Berkey, C. S., Rifas-Shiman, S. L., Ludwig, D. S., Rockett, H. R., Field, A. E., Colditz, G. A., & Gillman, M. W. (2005). Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 116(4), e518-24.
Taveras EM, et al. Association of Consumption of Fried Food Away From Home With Body Mass Index and Diet Quality in Older Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2005;116(4):e518-24. PubMed PMID: 16199680.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents. AU - Taveras,Elsie M, AU - Berkey,Catherine S, AU - Rifas-Shiman,Sheryl L, AU - Ludwig,David S, AU - Rockett,Helaine R H, AU - Field,Alison E, AU - Colditz,Graham A, AU - Gillman,Matthew W, PY - 2005/10/4/pubmed PY - 2005/12/29/medline PY - 2005/10/4/entrez SP - e518 EP - 24 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 116 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Rates of overweight have increased dramatically among children in the United States. Although an increase in consumption of food prepared away from home has paralleled overweight trends, few data exist relating food prepared away from home to change in BMI in children. The goals of this study were to (1) examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between consumption of fried foods away from home (FFA) and BMI and (2) examine the cross-sectional associations between intake of FFA and several measures of diet quality. METHODS: We studied a cohort of 7745 girls and 6610 boys, aged 9 to 14 years, at baseline in 1996. We obtained BMI from self-reported height and weight, measures of diet quality from a food frequency questionnaire, and weekly servings of FFA during the previous year. We performed linear regression analyses to assess the longitudinal associations between change in consumption of FFA on change in BMI, using data from three 1-year periods from 1996 through 1999. We also related consumption of FFA with intake of selected foods and nutrients at baseline. RESULTS: In cross-sectional analyses, adjusting for potential confounders, mean (SE) BMI was 19.1 (0.13) among children who ate FFA "never or <1/week," 19.2 (0.13) among those who responded "1 to 3 times/week," and 19.3 (0.18) among those who responded "4 to 7 times/week." In longitudinal multivariate models, increasing (over 1 year) consumption of FFA "never or <1/week" to "4 to 7/week" was associated with increasing BMI (beta = 0.21 kg/m2; 95% confidence interval: 0.03-0.39) compared with those with low consumption of FFA at baseline and 1 year later. At baseline, frequency of eating FFA was associated with greater intakes of total energy, sugar-sweetened beverages, and trans fat, as well as lower consumption of low-fat dairy foods and fruits and vegetables. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that older children who consume greater quantities of FFA are heavier, have greater total energy intakes, and have poorer diet quality. Furthermore, increasing consumption of FFA over time may lead to excess weight gain. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16199680/Association_of_consumption_of_fried_food_away_from_home_with_body_mass_index_and_diet_quality_in_older_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - https://publications.aap.org/pediatrics/article-lookup/doi/10.1542/peds.2004-2732 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -