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Depressive symptoms in adolescent pupils are heavily influenced by the school they go to. A study of 10th grade pupils in Oslo, Norway.
Eur J Public Health. 2006 Aug; 16(4):400-4.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A school is generally acknowledged to be a key setting for promoting pupils' health and well-being.

METHODS

Data from a cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted with all 10th grade pupils in 46 public schools. Depressive symptoms was defined by a positive score on Hopkin's Symptom Check List-10 (HSCL-10). Two composite variables expressing risk were established: (i) presence of negative factors (PNF), consisting of self-reported pressure to succeed, sexual violation, and exposure to bullying and violence; and (ii) absence of positive factors (APF), comprising respondents' self-reported physical activity, educational aspirations, and family's valuing their opinions.

RESULTS

Out of 7505 pupils, complete data were obtained for 6207. The prevalence of symptoms of depression varied greatly among different schools (boys, from 0 to 19%; girls, from 3.3 to 39%). The PNF varied from 12.3 to 45.5% for boys, and from 4.2 to 38.8% for girls. Corresponding figures for APF were 2.4-23.1% for boys and 4.3-37.5% for girls. Among boys, we found significant associations between PNF and symptoms of depression, odds ratio (95% CI) 4.5 (3.5-5.8), and between APF and depressive symptoms, 3.1 (2.3-4.1). For girls, corresponding odds ratios were 3.5 (2.9-4.2) and 2.1 (1.7-2.6), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

The proportion of pupils with depressive symptoms varies greatly among Oslo public schools. This variation is associated with features of the pupils' social context.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section for General Practice, Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway. o.r.haavet@medisin.uio.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16207727

Citation

Haavet, Ole R., et al. "Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Pupils Are Heavily Influenced By the School They Go To. a Study of 10th Grade Pupils in Oslo, Norway." European Journal of Public Health, vol. 16, no. 4, 2006, pp. 400-4.
Haavet OR, Dalen I, Straand J. Depressive symptoms in adolescent pupils are heavily influenced by the school they go to. A study of 10th grade pupils in Oslo, Norway. Eur J Public Health. 2006;16(4):400-4.
Haavet, O. R., Dalen, I., & Straand, J. (2006). Depressive symptoms in adolescent pupils are heavily influenced by the school they go to. A study of 10th grade pupils in Oslo, Norway. European Journal of Public Health, 16(4), 400-4.
Haavet OR, Dalen I, Straand J. Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Pupils Are Heavily Influenced By the School They Go To. a Study of 10th Grade Pupils in Oslo, Norway. Eur J Public Health. 2006;16(4):400-4. PubMed PMID: 16207727.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depressive symptoms in adolescent pupils are heavily influenced by the school they go to. A study of 10th grade pupils in Oslo, Norway. AU - Haavet,Ole R, AU - Dalen,Ingvild, AU - Straand,Jørund, Y1 - 2005/10/05/ PY - 2005/10/7/pubmed PY - 2006/12/21/medline PY - 2005/10/7/entrez SP - 400 EP - 4 JF - European journal of public health JO - Eur J Public Health VL - 16 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: A school is generally acknowledged to be a key setting for promoting pupils' health and well-being. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted with all 10th grade pupils in 46 public schools. Depressive symptoms was defined by a positive score on Hopkin's Symptom Check List-10 (HSCL-10). Two composite variables expressing risk were established: (i) presence of negative factors (PNF), consisting of self-reported pressure to succeed, sexual violation, and exposure to bullying and violence; and (ii) absence of positive factors (APF), comprising respondents' self-reported physical activity, educational aspirations, and family's valuing their opinions. RESULTS: Out of 7505 pupils, complete data were obtained for 6207. The prevalence of symptoms of depression varied greatly among different schools (boys, from 0 to 19%; girls, from 3.3 to 39%). The PNF varied from 12.3 to 45.5% for boys, and from 4.2 to 38.8% for girls. Corresponding figures for APF were 2.4-23.1% for boys and 4.3-37.5% for girls. Among boys, we found significant associations between PNF and symptoms of depression, odds ratio (95% CI) 4.5 (3.5-5.8), and between APF and depressive symptoms, 3.1 (2.3-4.1). For girls, corresponding odds ratios were 3.5 (2.9-4.2) and 2.1 (1.7-2.6), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of pupils with depressive symptoms varies greatly among Oslo public schools. This variation is associated with features of the pupils' social context. SN - 1101-1262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16207727/Depressive_symptoms_in_adolescent_pupils_are_heavily_influenced_by_the_school_they_go_to__A_study_of_10th_grade_pupils_in_Oslo_Norway_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/eurpub/cki197 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -