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Nutrition assessment and management of left ventricular assist device patients.

Abstract

Nutrition evaluation and support is an integral component of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy. Malnutrition in the LVAD patient contributes to a host of post-operative problems, such as infection and limited functional capacity, which compromise long-term outcomes. Comprehensive pre-operative evaluation of the LVAD patient should include a nutrition assessment and formalized plan to initiate and advance nutrition support while addressing the metabolic imbalances associated with heart failure. An interdisciplinary approach, including a nutrition support team, is desirable to manage these patients effectively. This article reviews essential aspects regarding nutrition management of these patients.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Nutrition & Metabolic Support Service, Sharp Memorial Hospital, San Diego, California, USA.

    , , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Cachexia
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Proteins
    Electrolytes
    Energy Metabolism
    Heart Failure
    Heart-Assist Devices
    Humans
    Malnutrition
    Micronutrients
    Nutritional Status
    Nutritional Support
    Obesity
    Patient Care Team
    Postoperative Complications
    Preoperative Care
    Severity of Illness Index

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16210148

    Citation

    Holdy, Kalman, et al. "Nutrition Assessment and Management of Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients." The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation : the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation, vol. 24, no. 10, 2005, pp. 1690-6.
    Holdy K, Dembitsky W, Eaton LL, et al. Nutrition assessment and management of left ventricular assist device patients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005;24(10):1690-6.
    Holdy, K., Dembitsky, W., Eaton, L. L., Chillcott, S., Stahovich, M., Rasmusson, B., & Pagani, F. (2005). Nutrition assessment and management of left ventricular assist device patients. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation : the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation, 24(10), pp. 1690-6.
    Holdy K, et al. Nutrition Assessment and Management of Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005;24(10):1690-6. PubMed PMID: 16210148.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrition assessment and management of left ventricular assist device patients. AU - Holdy,Kalman, AU - Dembitsky,Walter, AU - Eaton,Laura L, AU - Chillcott,Suzanne, AU - Stahovich,Marcia, AU - Rasmusson,Brad, AU - Pagani,Francis, PY - 2004/09/09/received PY - 2004/11/13/revised PY - 2004/11/21/accepted PY - 2005/10/8/pubmed PY - 2006/7/11/medline PY - 2005/10/8/entrez SP - 1690 EP - 6 JF - The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation JO - J. Heart Lung Transplant. VL - 24 IS - 10 N2 - Nutrition evaluation and support is an integral component of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy. Malnutrition in the LVAD patient contributes to a host of post-operative problems, such as infection and limited functional capacity, which compromise long-term outcomes. Comprehensive pre-operative evaluation of the LVAD patient should include a nutrition assessment and formalized plan to initiate and advance nutrition support while addressing the metabolic imbalances associated with heart failure. An interdisciplinary approach, including a nutrition support team, is desirable to manage these patients effectively. This article reviews essential aspects regarding nutrition management of these patients. SN - 1557-3117 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16210148/Nutrition_assessment_and_management_of_left_ventricular_assist_device_patients_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053-2498(04)00650-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -