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Oral lesions in infection with human immunodeficiency virus.
Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Sep; 83(9):700-6.BW

Abstract

This paper discusses the importance of oral lesions as indicators of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and as predictors of progression of HIV disease to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Oral manifestations are among the earliest and most important indicators of infection with HIV. Seven cardinal lesions, oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia, Kaposi sarcoma, linear gingival erythema, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which are strongly associated with HIV infection, have been identified and internationally calibrated, and are seen in both developed and developing countries. They may provide a strong indication of HIV infection and be present in the majority of HIV-infected people. Antiretroviral therapy may affect the prevalence of HIV-related lesions. The presence of oral lesions can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life. Oral health is strongly associated with physical and mental health and there are significant increases in oral health needs in people with HIV infection, especially in children, and in adults particularly in relation to periodontal diseases. International collaboration is needed to ensure that oral aspects of HIV disease are taken into account in medical programmes and to integrate oral health care with the general care of the patient. It is important that all health care workers receive education and training on the relevance of oral health needs and the use of oral lesions as surrogate markers in HIV infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Oral Microbiology, School of Dentistry, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits, South Africa. cooganm@dentistry.wits.ac.zaNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16211162

Citation

Coogan, Maeve M., et al. "Oral Lesions in Infection With Human Immunodeficiency Virus." Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 83, no. 9, 2005, pp. 700-6.
Coogan MM, Greenspan J, Challacombe SJ. Oral lesions in infection with human immunodeficiency virus. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):700-6.
Coogan, M. M., Greenspan, J., & Challacombe, S. J. (2005). Oral lesions in infection with human immunodeficiency virus. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 83(9), 700-6.
Coogan MM, Greenspan J, Challacombe SJ. Oral Lesions in Infection With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):700-6. PubMed PMID: 16211162.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral lesions in infection with human immunodeficiency virus. AU - Coogan,Maeve M, AU - Greenspan,John, AU - Challacombe,Stephen J, Y1 - 2005/09/30/ PY - 2005/10/8/pubmed PY - 2005/10/29/medline PY - 2005/10/8/entrez SP - 700 EP - 6 JF - Bulletin of the World Health Organization JO - Bull World Health Organ VL - 83 IS - 9 N2 - This paper discusses the importance of oral lesions as indicators of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and as predictors of progression of HIV disease to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Oral manifestations are among the earliest and most important indicators of infection with HIV. Seven cardinal lesions, oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia, Kaposi sarcoma, linear gingival erythema, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which are strongly associated with HIV infection, have been identified and internationally calibrated, and are seen in both developed and developing countries. They may provide a strong indication of HIV infection and be present in the majority of HIV-infected people. Antiretroviral therapy may affect the prevalence of HIV-related lesions. The presence of oral lesions can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life. Oral health is strongly associated with physical and mental health and there are significant increases in oral health needs in people with HIV infection, especially in children, and in adults particularly in relation to periodontal diseases. International collaboration is needed to ensure that oral aspects of HIV disease are taken into account in medical programmes and to integrate oral health care with the general care of the patient. It is important that all health care workers receive education and training on the relevance of oral health needs and the use of oral lesions as surrogate markers in HIV infection. SN - 0042-9686 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16211162/Oral_lesions_in_infection_with_human_immunodeficiency_virus_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/16211162/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -