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Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) down-regulates expression of cell proliferation and antiapoptotic and metastatic gene products through suppression of IkappaBalpha kinase and Akt activation.
Mol Pharmacol. 2006 Jan; 69(1):195-206.MP

Abstract

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), an anti-inflammatory agent used in traditional medicine, has been shown to suppress cellular transformation, proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis through a mechanism not fully understood. Because several genes that mediate these processes are regulated by nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), we have postulated that curcumin mediates its activity by modulating NF-kappaB activation. Indeed, our laboratory has shown previously that curcumin can suppress NF-kappaB activation induced by a variety of agents (J Biol Chem 270:24995-50000, 1995). In the present study, we investigated the mechanism by which curcumin manifests its effect on NF-kappaB and NF-kappaB-regulated gene expression. Screening of 20 different analogs of curcumin showed that curcumin was the most potent analog in suppressing the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced NF-kappaB activation. Curcumin inhibited TNF-induced NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene expression in a dose-dependent manner. Curcumin also suppressed NF-kappaB reporter activity induced by tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)1, TNFR2, NF-kappaB-inducing kinase, IkappaB kinase complex (IKK), and the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB. Such TNF-induced NF-kappaB-regulated gene products involved in cellular proliferation [cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), cyclin D1, and c-myc], antiapoptosis [inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP)1, IAP2, X-chromosome-linked IAP, Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), Bfl-1/A1, TNF receptor-associated factor 1, and cellular Fas-associated death domain protein-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme inhibitory protein-like inhibitory protein], and metastasis (vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1) were also down-regulated by curcumin. COX-2 promoter activity induced by TNF was abrogated by curcumin. We found that curcumin suppressed TNF-induced nuclear translocation of p65, which corresponded with the sequential suppression of IkappaBalpha kinase activity, IkappaBalpha phosphorylation, IkappaBalpha degradation, p65 phosphorylation, p65 nuclear translocation, and p65 acetylation. Curcumin also inhibited TNF-induced Akt activation and its association with IKK. Glutathione and dithiothreitol reversed the effect of curcumin on TNF-induced NF-kappaB activation. Overall, our results indicated that curcumin inhibits NF-kappaB activation and NF-kappaB-regulated gene expression through inhibition of IKK and Akt activation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cytokine Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16219905

Citation

Aggarwal, Sita, et al. "Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) Down-regulates Expression of Cell Proliferation and Antiapoptotic and Metastatic Gene Products Through Suppression of IkappaBalpha Kinase and Akt Activation." Molecular Pharmacology, vol. 69, no. 1, 2006, pp. 195-206.
Aggarwal S, Ichikawa H, Takada Y, et al. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) down-regulates expression of cell proliferation and antiapoptotic and metastatic gene products through suppression of IkappaBalpha kinase and Akt activation. Mol Pharmacol. 2006;69(1):195-206.
Aggarwal, S., Ichikawa, H., Takada, Y., Sandur, S. K., Shishodia, S., & Aggarwal, B. B. (2006). Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) down-regulates expression of cell proliferation and antiapoptotic and metastatic gene products through suppression of IkappaBalpha kinase and Akt activation. Molecular Pharmacology, 69(1), 195-206.
Aggarwal S, et al. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) Down-regulates Expression of Cell Proliferation and Antiapoptotic and Metastatic Gene Products Through Suppression of IkappaBalpha Kinase and Akt Activation. Mol Pharmacol. 2006;69(1):195-206. PubMed PMID: 16219905.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) down-regulates expression of cell proliferation and antiapoptotic and metastatic gene products through suppression of IkappaBalpha kinase and Akt activation. AU - Aggarwal,Sita, AU - Ichikawa,Haruyo, AU - Takada,Yasunari, AU - Sandur,Santosh K, AU - Shishodia,Shishir, AU - Aggarwal,Bharat B, Y1 - 2005/10/11/ PY - 2005/10/13/pubmed PY - 2006/2/8/medline PY - 2005/10/13/entrez SP - 195 EP - 206 JF - Molecular pharmacology JO - Mol Pharmacol VL - 69 IS - 1 N2 - Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), an anti-inflammatory agent used in traditional medicine, has been shown to suppress cellular transformation, proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis through a mechanism not fully understood. Because several genes that mediate these processes are regulated by nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), we have postulated that curcumin mediates its activity by modulating NF-kappaB activation. Indeed, our laboratory has shown previously that curcumin can suppress NF-kappaB activation induced by a variety of agents (J Biol Chem 270:24995-50000, 1995). In the present study, we investigated the mechanism by which curcumin manifests its effect on NF-kappaB and NF-kappaB-regulated gene expression. Screening of 20 different analogs of curcumin showed that curcumin was the most potent analog in suppressing the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced NF-kappaB activation. Curcumin inhibited TNF-induced NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene expression in a dose-dependent manner. Curcumin also suppressed NF-kappaB reporter activity induced by tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)1, TNFR2, NF-kappaB-inducing kinase, IkappaB kinase complex (IKK), and the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB. Such TNF-induced NF-kappaB-regulated gene products involved in cellular proliferation [cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), cyclin D1, and c-myc], antiapoptosis [inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP)1, IAP2, X-chromosome-linked IAP, Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), Bfl-1/A1, TNF receptor-associated factor 1, and cellular Fas-associated death domain protein-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme inhibitory protein-like inhibitory protein], and metastasis (vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1) were also down-regulated by curcumin. COX-2 promoter activity induced by TNF was abrogated by curcumin. We found that curcumin suppressed TNF-induced nuclear translocation of p65, which corresponded with the sequential suppression of IkappaBalpha kinase activity, IkappaBalpha phosphorylation, IkappaBalpha degradation, p65 phosphorylation, p65 nuclear translocation, and p65 acetylation. Curcumin also inhibited TNF-induced Akt activation and its association with IKK. Glutathione and dithiothreitol reversed the effect of curcumin on TNF-induced NF-kappaB activation. Overall, our results indicated that curcumin inhibits NF-kappaB activation and NF-kappaB-regulated gene expression through inhibition of IKK and Akt activation. SN - 0026-895X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16219905/Curcumin__diferuloylmethane__down_regulates_expression_of_cell_proliferation_and_antiapoptotic_and_metastatic_gene_products_through_suppression_of_IkappaBalpha_kinase_and_Akt_activation_ L2 - http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16219905 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -