[Effects of angiotensin II on extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases signaling pathway in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells from Wistar-Kyoto rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats].Sheng Li Xue Bao. 2005 Oct 25; 57(5):587-92.SL
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) on extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) signaling pathway in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. VSMCs from SHR and WKY rats were treated with 1x10(-7) mmol/L Ang II for 24 h in the absence or presence of 30 min of pre-treatment of valsartan (1x10(-5) mmol/L) or PD98059 (1x10(-5)mmol/L), selective inhibitor of ERKs- dependent pathways, when they were cultured in 20% calf serum medium. VSMCs of SHR and WKY cultured in serum-free medium were used as control groups. Among the different treatments, VSMCs from the SHR and WKY were devided into four groups: (1) control, (2) Ang II, (3) Ang II + valsartan, (4) Ang II + PD98059. ERK activity in VSMCs was measured by immuno-precipitation. Proteins of total ERK (t-ERK), phosphorylated-ERK (p-ERK) and mitogen-activated protein kinases phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) in VSMCs were detected by Western blot. MKP-1 mRNA in VSMCs was measured by RT-PCR. In VSMCs from WKY or SHR rats, ERK activity, p-ERK, MKP-1 and MKP-1 mRNA in Ang II group were higher than those in control group (P<0.05). In both SHRs and WKYs, there were no significant differences in ERK activity, p-ERK, MKP-1 and MKP-1 mRNA among the control group, Ang II + valsartan group and Ang II + PD98059 group. ERK activity, p-ERK, MKP-1 and MKP-1 mRNA in SHRs were significantly higher than those in WKYs with same treatments (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in t-ERK among different groups and no difference in t-ERK between SHRs and WKYs (P>0.05). Our results show that Ang II activates VSMCs ERK signaling pathways via Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors. Ang II increased ERK activity and p-ERK, but not t-ERK, accompanied by an increase in MKP-1 mRNA expression and protein. Among the different treatments, ERK activity and p-ERK were higher in SHR than in WKY. Valsartan and PD98059 blocked Ang II-stimulated ERK activation. These results suggest that ERK signaling pathway plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. The effect of Ang II on SHR and WKY VSMCs' ERK signaling pathway may be mediated by AT(1) receptors, enhancing ERK activity and the amount of p-ERK, and then increasing MKP-1 mRNA and its expression.