Assessment of daily nutrition ratios of opiate-dependent persons before and after 4 years of methadone maintenance treatment.Przegl Lek 2005; 62(6):368-72PL
The aim of the study was the evaluation of the changes in nutritional habits of opiates dependent persons during 4 years of attendance in methadone maintenance treatment conducted by the Department of Toxicology of CMUJ in Kraków. These criteria were fulfilled by 30 persons (23 males and 7 females). They were examined before the methadone treatment and after 4 years of treatment. During Initial and final examinations for each of examined person the 24-hour recall had been performed three times. The information about daily supply of main nutrients (proteins, fats, fatty acids, carbohydrates, dietary fibre, cholesterol), minerals (calcium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, sodium) and vitamins (vitamin A, B1, B2, niacin, C) were obtained. The results were compared with daily norms (N) recommended on the safe level of intake. The normal range was established on the level +/-10% of normal values (+/-10% N). The changes between the results of following examinations were tested by using the t-student test. After 4 years of methadone treatment an increase in energy, vitamins, minerals and main nutritional ingredients intake was noted in women group. In men group a decrease in energy, proteins and carbohydrates intake was noted and fats intake, mainly unsaturated fatty acids, was increased. Vitamins were consumed in lower amounts and among minerals lower consumption in case of iron and sodium was noticed. In comparison with the recommended values in the initial examination in women group too low intake concerned fibre and vit. A, B,, calcium, iron, zinc and magnesium was noticed. In group of men too low intake (below recommended values) of energy, carbohydrates, fiber, vit. B1, B2, C, niacin, calcium and magnesium was noticed. After 4 years of methadone maintenance treatment in group of women too low intake only of vit. B1 and iron was noticed. In group of men it concerned vit. B1, B2, C, niacin and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and zinc.