Effect of magnesium sulfate on the calcium-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase activity and lipid peroxidation of red blood cell membranes from preeclamptic women.Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Nov 25; 70(11):1634-41.BP
The effect of the treatment with magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) on Ca-ATPase activity and level of lipid peroxidation of red blood cells from preeclamptic pregnant women was examined because it is known that these parameters are affected with preeclampsia. Red cell ghosts from 11 normotensive and 11 preeclamptic pregnant women, before and after treatment with MgSO(4), were assayed for Ca-ATPase activity and level of lipid peroxidation, determined as TBARS or conjugated dienes. It was found that the Ca-ATPase activity is significantly lower and the level of lipid peroxidation is significantly higher in the preeclamptic women with no treatment, as compared to normotensive pregnant women. Both parameters return to normal values after the MgSO(4) therapy. These results can be mimicked by in vitro preincubation with MgSO(4) of intact red blood cells from preeclamptic pregnant women, without any treatment. Our data indicate that MgSO(4) treatment of preeclamptic pregnant women modifies both the Ca-ATPase activity and the level of lipid peroxidation of their red blood cell membranes, reaching values similar to those of normotensive pregnant women. The diminution of the level of lipid peroxidation by MgSO(4), can account for the increase in Ca-ATPase activity.