[Hyperuricemia in hypertension: any clinical implication?].Rev Med Suisse. 2005 Sep 14; 1(32):2072-4, 2077-9.RM
Twenty-five percent of untreated hypertensive patients are hyperuricemic. The causal role of uric acid in the pathogenesis of hypertension has not been clearly demonstrated in humans. An elevated serum uric acid appears to be predictive of the development of hypertension. Serum uric acid has also been considered as a cardiovascular risk factor but this issue is controversial. A high serum uric acid is associated with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in men. Thus, hyperuricemia in hypertensive patients should be considered as a sign of increased risk leading to a more intensive management of all other risk factors. When managing hypertensive patients with hyperuricemia, physicians should know the impact of antihypertensive drugs on serum uric acid to prevent a further increase in uric acid and the development of gout.