Distribution of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone isoforms in sera from women with primary ovarian failure compared with that of normal reproductive and postmenopausal women.Fertil Steril. 1992 Jul; 58(1):60-5.FS
To demonstrate if molecular heterogeneity of gonadotropins correlates with the type of primary gonadal failure.
DESIGN AND METHODS
Aliquots of sera from women with hypogonadism were subjected to gel filtration chromatography to be assayed for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) by the use of radioimmunoassay. Molecular weight (MW) of isoforms was calculated on a calibration curve obtained with molecular markers. The molecular variants were characterized on the basis of elution volume, MW, and partition coefficient.
Chromatographic profile of sera from four women with natural menopause exhibited two FSH peaks of immunoreactivity and a heavier LH isoform. This pattern was different from that obtained in sera from women of reproductive age who presented a single peak that eluted after the corresponding standard. In six cases of idiopathic premature menopause and three more with gonadotropin-resistant ovary, the chromatographic profile showed a marked and remarkable molecular heterogeneity, particularly LH, and this was more apparent in women with resistant ovary.
Our investigation confirms the relationship between the gonadotropin heterogeneity with the gonadal failure. The duration of the ovarian failure may influence the molecular proportion of gonadotropins and the predominance of heavier MW isohormones.