Prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media among the children living in two selected slums of Dhaka City.Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2004; 30(3):95-104BM
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) is one of the important health problems in our country. Serious complications may arise from it. As such the study was aimed to find out the prevalence of CSOM among the children of two-selected slum dwellers in Dhaka City. This was a descriptive type of cross-sectional study. A total of 203 samples were interviewed and examined. Altogether 7.39% of children were observed to have CSOM. Among CSOM cases, 60% had hearing impairment. Ear discharge and perforation were observed in 26.7% in right ear, 46.7% in left ear and 26.7% in both ears. Central perforation was present in 93% cases. Cholesteatoma was present in 6.7% cases. Among CSOM cases, 53.3% children were in 2-5 years age group, 80% were dependent, 53.3% cleaned ear by cotton buds, 93.3% lived in Kutcha house, 73.3% had a monthly income of TK. 1001-2000 and 46.7% belonged to families having 6 members. Out of 15 CSOM, 11 cases were seen among children of 141 illiterate mothers. Four cases of CSOM were found among children of 62 literate mothers. Among the 203 mothers, 65.52% were found aware, and 34.48% were not aware about the disease and sequel of CSOM. Here 39.9% mothers had knowledge and 60.01% had no knowledge about the treatment of CSOM. Among the CSOM cases 46.67% cases did not receive any treatment. In treatment receiving group, only 3(20%) children received it from MBBS doctor or Hospital.