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Looking at the heart of low and high heart rate variability fearful flyers: self-reported anxiety when confronting feared stimuli.
Biol Psychol. 2005 Dec; 70(3):182-7.BP

Abstract

Previous research has shown that phobic subjects with low heart rate variability (HRV) are less able to inhibit an inappropriate response when confronted with threatening words compared to phobic subjects with high HRV [Johnsen, B.H., Thayer, J.F., Laberg, J.C., Wormnes, B., Raadal, M., Skaret, E., et al., 2003. Attentional and physiological characteristics of patients with dental anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 17, 75-87]. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in self-reported anxiety when low HRV and high HRV fearful flyers (N=15) and a matched control group (N=15) were exposed to flight-related pictures, flight-related sounds or both pictures and sounds. We hypothesized that sounds would be crucial to evoke fear. Also, low HRV fearful flyers were expected to report higher anxiety than high HRV fearful flyers assuming anxiety as their inappropriate response. Decreases on HRV measures were also predicted for a subgroup of phobic participants (N=10) when confronted with the feared stimuli. Our data supported the hypothesis that sounds are crucial in this kind of phobia. Low HRV fearful flyers reported higher anxiety than high HRV fearful flyers in two out of three aversive conditions. The predicted HRV decreases were not found in this study. Results are discussed in the context of avoidance of exposure-based treatments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain. xavier.bornas@uib.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16242535

Citation

Bornas, Xavier, et al. "Looking at the Heart of Low and High Heart Rate Variability Fearful Flyers: Self-reported Anxiety when Confronting Feared Stimuli." Biological Psychology, vol. 70, no. 3, 2005, pp. 182-7.
Bornas X, Llabrés J, Noguera M, et al. Looking at the heart of low and high heart rate variability fearful flyers: self-reported anxiety when confronting feared stimuli. Biol Psychol. 2005;70(3):182-7.
Bornas, X., Llabrés, J., Noguera, M., López, A. M., Barceló, F., Tortella-Feliu, M., & Fullana, M. A. (2005). Looking at the heart of low and high heart rate variability fearful flyers: self-reported anxiety when confronting feared stimuli. Biological Psychology, 70(3), 182-7.
Bornas X, et al. Looking at the Heart of Low and High Heart Rate Variability Fearful Flyers: Self-reported Anxiety when Confronting Feared Stimuli. Biol Psychol. 2005;70(3):182-7. PubMed PMID: 16242535.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Looking at the heart of low and high heart rate variability fearful flyers: self-reported anxiety when confronting feared stimuli. AU - Bornas,Xavier, AU - Llabrés,Jordi, AU - Noguera,Miquel, AU - López,Ana Ma, AU - Barceló,Francesca, AU - Tortella-Feliu,Miquel, AU - Fullana,Miquel Angel, Y1 - 2005/03/02/ PY - 2004/09/30/received PY - 2005/01/04/accepted PY - 2005/10/26/pubmed PY - 2006/1/13/medline PY - 2005/10/26/entrez SP - 182 EP - 7 JF - Biological psychology JO - Biol Psychol VL - 70 IS - 3 N2 - Previous research has shown that phobic subjects with low heart rate variability (HRV) are less able to inhibit an inappropriate response when confronted with threatening words compared to phobic subjects with high HRV [Johnsen, B.H., Thayer, J.F., Laberg, J.C., Wormnes, B., Raadal, M., Skaret, E., et al., 2003. Attentional and physiological characteristics of patients with dental anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 17, 75-87]. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in self-reported anxiety when low HRV and high HRV fearful flyers (N=15) and a matched control group (N=15) were exposed to flight-related pictures, flight-related sounds or both pictures and sounds. We hypothesized that sounds would be crucial to evoke fear. Also, low HRV fearful flyers were expected to report higher anxiety than high HRV fearful flyers assuming anxiety as their inappropriate response. Decreases on HRV measures were also predicted for a subgroup of phobic participants (N=10) when confronted with the feared stimuli. Our data supported the hypothesis that sounds are crucial in this kind of phobia. Low HRV fearful flyers reported higher anxiety than high HRV fearful flyers in two out of three aversive conditions. The predicted HRV decreases were not found in this study. Results are discussed in the context of avoidance of exposure-based treatments. SN - 0301-0511 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16242535/Looking_at_the_heart_of_low_and_high_heart_rate_variability_fearful_flyers:_self_reported_anxiety_when_confronting_feared_stimuli_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-0511(05)00030-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -