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Correlates for posttraumatic stress disorder in Gulf War veterans: a retrospective study of main and moderating effects.
J Anxiety Disord. 2005; 19(8):861-76.JA

Abstract

With a sample of 120 Gulf War veterans, the present study investigated the main effects of childhood and lifetime trauma, combat exposure, and coping strategies on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as combat exposure's moderating effects on the other variables' relationships with PTSD. Logistic regression results indicated correct classification of PTSD diagnosis for 88% of the participants, with combat exposure and avoidant coping making significant contributions to this classification. Multiple regression results indicated that lifetime trauma, combat exposure, and avoidant coping were strongly related to PTSD symptoms. Multiple regression results also revealed that combat exposure moderated the strength and direction of PTSD's relationships with childhood trauma and avoidant coping. Study findings have implications for longitudinal investigation of PTSD development and preventive interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210376, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0376, USA. steinal@email.uc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16243635

Citation

Stein, Amanda L., et al. "Correlates for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Gulf War Veterans: a Retrospective Study of Main and Moderating Effects." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 19, no. 8, 2005, pp. 861-76.
Stein AL, Tran GQ, Lund LM, et al. Correlates for posttraumatic stress disorder in Gulf War veterans: a retrospective study of main and moderating effects. J Anxiety Disord. 2005;19(8):861-76.
Stein, A. L., Tran, G. Q., Lund, L. M., Haji, U., Dashevsky, B. A., & Baker, D. G. (2005). Correlates for posttraumatic stress disorder in Gulf War veterans: a retrospective study of main and moderating effects. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19(8), 861-76.
Stein AL, et al. Correlates for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Gulf War Veterans: a Retrospective Study of Main and Moderating Effects. J Anxiety Disord. 2005;19(8):861-76. PubMed PMID: 16243635.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlates for posttraumatic stress disorder in Gulf War veterans: a retrospective study of main and moderating effects. AU - Stein,Amanda L, AU - Tran,Giao Q, AU - Lund,Linda M, AU - Haji,Uzair, AU - Dashevsky,Boris A, AU - Baker,Dewleen G, Y1 - 2005/01/28/ PY - 2004/06/28/received PY - 2004/08/11/revised PY - 2004/09/10/accepted PY - 2005/10/26/pubmed PY - 2006/3/8/medline PY - 2005/10/26/entrez SP - 861 EP - 76 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 19 IS - 8 N2 - With a sample of 120 Gulf War veterans, the present study investigated the main effects of childhood and lifetime trauma, combat exposure, and coping strategies on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as combat exposure's moderating effects on the other variables' relationships with PTSD. Logistic regression results indicated correct classification of PTSD diagnosis for 88% of the participants, with combat exposure and avoidant coping making significant contributions to this classification. Multiple regression results indicated that lifetime trauma, combat exposure, and avoidant coping were strongly related to PTSD symptoms. Multiple regression results also revealed that combat exposure moderated the strength and direction of PTSD's relationships with childhood trauma and avoidant coping. Study findings have implications for longitudinal investigation of PTSD development and preventive interventions. SN - 0887-6185 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16243635/Correlates_for_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in_Gulf_War_veterans:_a_retrospective_study_of_main_and_moderating_effects_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(04)00125-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -