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Children's implicit knowledge of harmony in Western music.
Dev Sci. 2005 Nov; 8(6):551-66.DS

Abstract

Three experiments examined children's knowledge of harmony in Western music. The children heard a series of chords followed by a final, target chord. In Experiment 1, French 6- and 11-year-olds judged whether the target was sung with the vowel /i/ or /u/. In Experiment 2, Australian 8- and 11-year-olds judged whether the target was played on a piano or a trumpet. In Experiment 3, Canadian 8- and 11-year-olds judged whether the target sounded good (i.e. consonant) or bad (dissonant). The target was either the most stable chord in the established musical key (i.e. the tonic, based on do, the first note of the scale) or a less stable chord. Performance was faster (Experiments 1, 2 and 3) and more accurate (Experiment 3) when the target was the tonic chord. The findings confirm that children have implicit knowledge of syntactic functions that typify Western harmony.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, ON, Canada. g.schellenberg@utoronto.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16246247

Citation

Schellenberg, E Glenn, et al. "Children's Implicit Knowledge of Harmony in Western Music." Developmental Science, vol. 8, no. 6, 2005, pp. 551-66.
Schellenberg EG, Bigand E, Poulin-Charronnat B, et al. Children's implicit knowledge of harmony in Western music. Dev Sci. 2005;8(6):551-66.
Schellenberg, E. G., Bigand, E., Poulin-Charronnat, B., Garnier, C., & Stevens, C. (2005). Children's implicit knowledge of harmony in Western music. Developmental Science, 8(6), 551-66.
Schellenberg EG, et al. Children's Implicit Knowledge of Harmony in Western Music. Dev Sci. 2005;8(6):551-66. PubMed PMID: 16246247.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Children's implicit knowledge of harmony in Western music. AU - Schellenberg,E Glenn, AU - Bigand,Emmanuel, AU - Poulin-Charronnat,Benedicte, AU - Garnier,Cécilia, AU - Stevens,Catherine, PY - 2005/10/26/pubmed PY - 2006/5/6/medline PY - 2005/10/26/entrez SP - 551 EP - 66 JF - Developmental science JO - Dev Sci VL - 8 IS - 6 N2 - Three experiments examined children's knowledge of harmony in Western music. The children heard a series of chords followed by a final, target chord. In Experiment 1, French 6- and 11-year-olds judged whether the target was sung with the vowel /i/ or /u/. In Experiment 2, Australian 8- and 11-year-olds judged whether the target was played on a piano or a trumpet. In Experiment 3, Canadian 8- and 11-year-olds judged whether the target sounded good (i.e. consonant) or bad (dissonant). The target was either the most stable chord in the established musical key (i.e. the tonic, based on do, the first note of the scale) or a less stable chord. Performance was faster (Experiments 1, 2 and 3) and more accurate (Experiment 3) when the target was the tonic chord. The findings confirm that children have implicit knowledge of syntactic functions that typify Western harmony. SN - 1363-755X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16246247/Children's_implicit_knowledge_of_harmony_in_Western_music_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2005.00447.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -