Is there an association between ocular adnexal lymphoma and infection with Chlamydia psittaci? The University of Rochester experience.Leuk Res. 2006 May; 30(5):547-51.LR
Various subsets of extranodal marginal zone lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT lymphomas) have been associated with infectious organisms. Most notable of these is the association of gastric MALT lymphomas with Helicobacter pylori infection. In a recent publication Ferreri et al. [Ferreri AJ, Guidoboni M, Ponzoni M, De Conciliis C, Dell'Oro S, Fleischhauer K, et al. Evidence for an association between Chlamydia psittaci and ocular adnexal lymphomas. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004;96:586-94] reported the presence of C. psittaci DNA in 80% of 40 ocular adnexal lymphomas. Similar to the gastric MALT lymphoma data, a subset of these patients responded well to antibiotic treatment. We analyzed a set of ocular adnexal lymphomas and benign (non-neoplastic) lesions for evidence of C. psittaci DNA in patients from New York State. No evidence of C. psittaci DNA was seen in seven MALT-type ocular adnexal lymphomas, four non-MALT ocular lymphomas, one Langerhans histiocytosis, and five reactive lymphoproliferations. We eliminated several possible reasons that would cause our study to fail to find C. psittaci DNA, including the presence of PCR inhibitors, inadequate template DNA, and sequence diversity in the target region in C. psittaci. The positive data were based primarily on patients from Italy, while our study involved only patients living in the Northeastern United States. This would suggest possible geographic differences in the etiology of ocular adnexal lymphomas.