Prenatal detection of associated anomalies in fetuses diagnosed with cleft lip with or without cleft palate in utero.Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Feb; 27(2):173-6.UO
The aim of this study was to determine the prenatal detection rate of associated anomalies in fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate.
Fetuses with a suspected cleft lip with or without cleft palate, determined by prenatal ultrasound, were prospectively enrolled. Additional anomalies suspected by ultrasound or genetic testing were recorded. Postnatal outcome was obtained.
Forty-five fetuses with a cleft lip with or without cleft palate, diagnosed prenatally with either two-dimensional and/or three-dimensional ultrasound, were studied. Postnatal follow-up revealed that 16 (35.6%) of these 45 fetuses had an additional structural or syndromic abnormality. Of the 37 fetuses with prenatally determined 'isolated' cleft lip with or without cleft palate, eight (21.6%) had an additional malformation identified after delivery.
In pregnancies complicated by a cleft lip with or without cleft palate, patients should be informed of the risks of associated anomalies, some of which may be undetected prenatally.