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Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S.
Diabetes Care 2005; 28(11):2745-9DC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has proposed a new definition of the metabolic syndrome that emphasizes central adiposity as determined by ethnic group-specific thresholds of waist circumference. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of this syndrome using the IDF definition among U.S. adults and to compare it with the prevalence estimated using the definition of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS

A total of 3,601 men and women aged > or =20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 were included in the analyses.

RESULTS

Based on the NCEP definition, the unadjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 34.5 +/- 0.9% (percent +/- SE) among all participants, 33.7 +/- 1.6% among men, and 35.4 +/- 1.2% among women. Based on the IDF definition, the unadjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 39.0 +/- 1.1% among all participants, 39.9 +/- 1.7% among men, and 38.1 +/- 1.2% among women. The IDF definition led to higher estimates of prevalence in all of the demographic groups, especially among Mexican-American men. The two definitions similarly classified approximately 93% of the participants as having or not having the metabolic syndrome.

CONCLUSIONS

In the U.S., the use of the IDF definition of the metabolic syndrome leads to a higher prevalence estimate of the metabolic syndrome than the estimate based on the NCEP definition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. eford@cdc.gov

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16249550

Citation

Ford, Earl S.. "Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome Defined By the International Diabetes Federation Among Adults in the U.S." Diabetes Care, vol. 28, no. 11, 2005, pp. 2745-9.
Ford ES. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S. Diabetes Care. 2005;28(11):2745-9.
Ford, E. S. (2005). Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S. Diabetes Care, 28(11), pp. 2745-9.
Ford ES. Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome Defined By the International Diabetes Federation Among Adults in the U.S. Diabetes Care. 2005;28(11):2745-9. PubMed PMID: 16249550.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S. A1 - Ford,Earl S, PY - 2005/10/27/pubmed PY - 2006/1/20/medline PY - 2005/10/27/entrez SP - 2745 EP - 9 JF - Diabetes care JO - Diabetes Care VL - 28 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has proposed a new definition of the metabolic syndrome that emphasizes central adiposity as determined by ethnic group-specific thresholds of waist circumference. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of this syndrome using the IDF definition among U.S. adults and to compare it with the prevalence estimated using the definition of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 3,601 men and women aged > or =20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 were included in the analyses. RESULTS: Based on the NCEP definition, the unadjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 34.5 +/- 0.9% (percent +/- SE) among all participants, 33.7 +/- 1.6% among men, and 35.4 +/- 1.2% among women. Based on the IDF definition, the unadjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 39.0 +/- 1.1% among all participants, 39.9 +/- 1.7% among men, and 38.1 +/- 1.2% among women. The IDF definition led to higher estimates of prevalence in all of the demographic groups, especially among Mexican-American men. The two definitions similarly classified approximately 93% of the participants as having or not having the metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: In the U.S., the use of the IDF definition of the metabolic syndrome leads to a higher prevalence estimate of the metabolic syndrome than the estimate based on the NCEP definition. SN - 0149-5992 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16249550/Prevalence_of_the_metabolic_syndrome_defined_by_the_International_Diabetes_Federation_among_adults_in_the_U_S_ L2 - http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16249550 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -