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Unique dietary patterns and chronic disease risk profiles of adult men: the Framingham nutrition studies.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Nov; 105(11):1723-34.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify the dietary patterns of adult men and examine their relationships with nutrient intake and chronic disease risk over long-term follow-up.

DESIGN/SUBJECTS

Baseline 145-item food frequency questionnaires from 1,666 Framingham Offspring-Spouse cohort men were used to identify comprehensive dietary patterns. Independent 3-day dietary records at baseline and 8 years later provided estimates of subjects' nutrient intake by dietary pattern. Chronic disease risk factor status was compared at baseline and 16-year follow-up across all male dietary patterns.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Cluster analysis was applied to food frequency data to identify non-overlapping male dietary patterns. Analysis of covariance and logistic regression were used to compare nutrient intake, summary nutritional risk scores, and chronic disease risk status at baseline and follow-up by male dietary pattern.

RESULTS

Five distinct and comprehensive dietary patterns of Framingham Offspring-Spouse men were identified and ordered according to overall nutritional risk: Transition to Heart Healthy, Higher Starch, Average Male, Lower Variety, and Empty Calories. Nutritional risk was high and varied by dietary pattern; key nutrient contrasts were stable over 8-year follow-up. Chronic disease risk also varied by dietary pattern and specific subgroup differences persisted over 16 years, notably rates of overweight/obesity and smoking.

CONCLUSIONS

Quantitative cluster analysis applied to food frequency questionnaire data identified five distinct, comprehensive, and stable dietary patterns of adult Framingham Offspring-Spouse cohort men. The close associations between the dietary patterns, nutritional risk, and chronic disease profiles of men emphasize the importance of targeted preventive nutrition interventions to promote health in the male population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate Programs in Medical Nutrition Sciences, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. bmillen@bu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16256756

Citation

Millen, Barbara E., et al. "Unique Dietary Patterns and Chronic Disease Risk Profiles of Adult Men: the Framingham Nutrition Studies." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 11, 2005, pp. 1723-34.
Millen BE, Quatromoni PA, Pencina M, et al. Unique dietary patterns and chronic disease risk profiles of adult men: the Framingham nutrition studies. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(11):1723-34.
Millen, B. E., Quatromoni, P. A., Pencina, M., Kimokoti, R., Nam, B. H., Cobain, S., Kozak, W., Appugliese, D. P., Ordovas, J., & D'Agostino, R. B. (2005). Unique dietary patterns and chronic disease risk profiles of adult men: the Framingham nutrition studies. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(11), 1723-34.
Millen BE, et al. Unique Dietary Patterns and Chronic Disease Risk Profiles of Adult Men: the Framingham Nutrition Studies. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(11):1723-34. PubMed PMID: 16256756.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Unique dietary patterns and chronic disease risk profiles of adult men: the Framingham nutrition studies. AU - Millen,Barbara E, AU - Quatromoni,Paula A, AU - Pencina,Michael, AU - Kimokoti,Ruth, AU - Nam,Byung-H O, AU - Cobain,Sonia, AU - Kozak,Waldemar, AU - Appugliese,Danielle P, AU - Ordovas,Jose, AU - D'Agostino,Ralph B, PY - 2004/11/08/received PY - 2005/11/1/pubmed PY - 2006/2/16/medline PY - 2005/11/1/entrez SP - 1723 EP - 34 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 105 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To identify the dietary patterns of adult men and examine their relationships with nutrient intake and chronic disease risk over long-term follow-up. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: Baseline 145-item food frequency questionnaires from 1,666 Framingham Offspring-Spouse cohort men were used to identify comprehensive dietary patterns. Independent 3-day dietary records at baseline and 8 years later provided estimates of subjects' nutrient intake by dietary pattern. Chronic disease risk factor status was compared at baseline and 16-year follow-up across all male dietary patterns. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Cluster analysis was applied to food frequency data to identify non-overlapping male dietary patterns. Analysis of covariance and logistic regression were used to compare nutrient intake, summary nutritional risk scores, and chronic disease risk status at baseline and follow-up by male dietary pattern. RESULTS: Five distinct and comprehensive dietary patterns of Framingham Offspring-Spouse men were identified and ordered according to overall nutritional risk: Transition to Heart Healthy, Higher Starch, Average Male, Lower Variety, and Empty Calories. Nutritional risk was high and varied by dietary pattern; key nutrient contrasts were stable over 8-year follow-up. Chronic disease risk also varied by dietary pattern and specific subgroup differences persisted over 16 years, notably rates of overweight/obesity and smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative cluster analysis applied to food frequency questionnaire data identified five distinct, comprehensive, and stable dietary patterns of adult Framingham Offspring-Spouse cohort men. The close associations between the dietary patterns, nutritional risk, and chronic disease profiles of men emphasize the importance of targeted preventive nutrition interventions to promote health in the male population. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16256756/Unique_dietary_patterns_and_chronic_disease_risk_profiles_of_adult_men:_the_Framingham_nutrition_studies_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(05)01381-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -