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Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music.
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005 Dec; 25(3):678-87.BR

Abstract

The effects of selective attention on the neural response to the violation of musical syntax were investigated in the present study. Musical chord progressions were played to nonmusicians while Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded. The five-chord progressions included 61% harmonically expected cadences (I-I(6)-IV-V-I), 26% harmonically unexpected cadences (I-I(6)-IV-V-N(6)), and 13% with one of the five chords having an intensity fadeout across its duration. During the attended condition, subjects responded by pressing a button upon detecting a fadeout in volume; during the unattended condition, subjects were given reading comprehension materials and instructed to ignore all auditory stimuli. In response to the harmonic deviant, an Early Anterior Negativity (EAN) was observed at 150-300 ms in both attention conditions, but it was much larger in amplitude in the attended condition. A second scalp-negative deflection was also identified at 380-600 ms following the harmonic deviants; this Late Negativity onset earlier during the attended condition. These results suggest strong effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16257518

Citation

Loui, Psyche, et al. "Effects of Attention On the Neural Processing of Harmonic Syntax in Western Music." Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research, vol. 25, no. 3, 2005, pp. 678-87.
Loui P, Grent-'t-Jong T, Torpey D, et al. Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005;25(3):678-87.
Loui, P., Grent-'t-Jong, T., Torpey, D., & Woldorff, M. (2005). Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music. Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research, 25(3), 678-87.
Loui P, et al. Effects of Attention On the Neural Processing of Harmonic Syntax in Western Music. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005;25(3):678-87. PubMed PMID: 16257518.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music. AU - Loui,Psyche, AU - Grent-'t-Jong,Tineke, AU - Torpey,Dana, AU - Woldorff,Marty, Y1 - 2005/10/28/ PY - 2005/04/08/received PY - 2005/08/26/revised PY - 2005/08/31/accepted PY - 2005/11/1/pubmed PY - 2006/2/16/medline PY - 2005/11/1/entrez SP - 678 EP - 87 JF - Brain research. Cognitive brain research JO - Brain Res Cogn Brain Res VL - 25 IS - 3 N2 - The effects of selective attention on the neural response to the violation of musical syntax were investigated in the present study. Musical chord progressions were played to nonmusicians while Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded. The five-chord progressions included 61% harmonically expected cadences (I-I(6)-IV-V-I), 26% harmonically unexpected cadences (I-I(6)-IV-V-N(6)), and 13% with one of the five chords having an intensity fadeout across its duration. During the attended condition, subjects responded by pressing a button upon detecting a fadeout in volume; during the unattended condition, subjects were given reading comprehension materials and instructed to ignore all auditory stimuli. In response to the harmonic deviant, an Early Anterior Negativity (EAN) was observed at 150-300 ms in both attention conditions, but it was much larger in amplitude in the attended condition. A second scalp-negative deflection was also identified at 380-600 ms following the harmonic deviants; this Late Negativity onset earlier during the attended condition. These results suggest strong effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax. SN - 0926-6410 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16257518/Effects_of_attention_on_the_neural_processing_of_harmonic_syntax_in_Western_music_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0926-6410(05)00261-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -