Physical activity, obesity, energy intake, and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a population-based case-control study.Am J Epidemiol 2005; 162(12):1162-73AJ
The authors conducted a population-based case-control study of 1,030 cases with histologically confirmed, incident non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and 3,106 controls to assess the impact of recreational physical activity, obesity, and energy intake on NHL risk in Canada from 1994 to 1997. Compared with those for subjects in the lowest quartiles of total recreational physical activity, multivariable-adjusted odds ratios for subjects in the highest quartile were 0.79 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.59, 1.05) for men and 0.59 (95% CI: 0.42, 0.81) for women. Obesity (body mass index > or = 30 kg/m2) was associated with odds ratios of 1.59 (95% CI: 1.18, 2.12) for men and 1.36 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.84) for women. For men and women with a lifetime maximum body mass index of > or = 30 kg/m2, respective odds ratios were 1.55 (95% CI: 1.16, 2.06) and 1.10 (95% CI: 0.83, 1.46). For men and women in the highest quartiles of calorie intake, respective odds ratios were 1.95 (95% CI: 1.45, 2.62) and 1.13 (95% CI: 0.84, 1.52). Some differences were found between histologic subtypes of NHL for these associations. This study suggests that recreational physical activity decreases NHL risk, while obesity and excess calorie intake increase it. More studies are needed to confirm these results, especially the differences between histologic subtypes.