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Menstrual status and bone mineral density among female athletes.
Nurs Health Sci. 2005 Dec; 7(4):259-65.NH

Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between menstrual status and bone mineral density (BMD). Sixty-three elite female athletes competing at the regional level participated. Self-reported menstrual status, stress during the past 6 months, dietary intake of calcium, blood samples for hormonal study, mid-thigh skinfold thickness, triceps, iliac crest, spine and femoral neck BMD were determined. It was found that more than half of the athletes were eumenorrheic while almost half were menstrually dysfunctional. The bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and the femoral neck were within normal ranges. Menstrual dysfunction in female athletes was related to a low BMD at the lumbar spine but not at the femoral neck. Delayed menarche and menstrual dysfunction during the first 2 years after menarche were related to current menstrual dysfunction, but low percent body fat was not related to menstrual dysfunction. This study suggests that exercise in elite female athletes might be an underlying cause of menstrual dysfunction and that there is a relationship between lumbar spine BMD and menstrual dysfunction. The assessment of menstrual history and percent body fat could be used as a screening tool for menstrual dysfunction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologic Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. nsipsrrp@chiangmai.ac.thNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16271132

Citation

Punpilai, Sriareporn, et al. "Menstrual Status and Bone Mineral Density Among Female Athletes." Nursing & Health Sciences, vol. 7, no. 4, 2005, pp. 259-65.
Punpilai S, Sujitra T, Ouyporn T, et al. Menstrual status and bone mineral density among female athletes. Nurs Health Sci. 2005;7(4):259-65.
Punpilai, S., Sujitra, T., Ouyporn, T., Teraporn, V., & Sombut, B. (2005). Menstrual status and bone mineral density among female athletes. Nursing & Health Sciences, 7(4), 259-65.
Punpilai S, et al. Menstrual Status and Bone Mineral Density Among Female Athletes. Nurs Health Sci. 2005;7(4):259-65. PubMed PMID: 16271132.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Menstrual status and bone mineral density among female athletes. AU - Punpilai,Sriareporn, AU - Sujitra,Tiansawad, AU - Ouyporn,Tonmukayakul, AU - Teraporn,Vutyavanich, AU - Sombut,Boonyaprapa, PY - 2005/11/8/pubmed PY - 2006/1/21/medline PY - 2005/11/8/entrez SP - 259 EP - 65 JF - Nursing & health sciences JO - Nurs Health Sci VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - The present study investigated the relationship between menstrual status and bone mineral density (BMD). Sixty-three elite female athletes competing at the regional level participated. Self-reported menstrual status, stress during the past 6 months, dietary intake of calcium, blood samples for hormonal study, mid-thigh skinfold thickness, triceps, iliac crest, spine and femoral neck BMD were determined. It was found that more than half of the athletes were eumenorrheic while almost half were menstrually dysfunctional. The bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and the femoral neck were within normal ranges. Menstrual dysfunction in female athletes was related to a low BMD at the lumbar spine but not at the femoral neck. Delayed menarche and menstrual dysfunction during the first 2 years after menarche were related to current menstrual dysfunction, but low percent body fat was not related to menstrual dysfunction. This study suggests that exercise in elite female athletes might be an underlying cause of menstrual dysfunction and that there is a relationship between lumbar spine BMD and menstrual dysfunction. The assessment of menstrual history and percent body fat could be used as a screening tool for menstrual dysfunction. SN - 1441-0745 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16271132/Menstrual_status_and_bone_mineral_density_among_female_athletes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2018.2005.00245.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -