[Total knee replacement in valgus knee].Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2005 Oct 15; 43(20):1305-8.ZW
To investigate the methods and clinical results of total knee replacement (TKA) in patients with valgus knee deformity.
Between January 1996 and August 2004, 87 TKAs were performed by means of medial parapatellar approach, standard osteotomy and only lateral soft tissue release with posterior stabilized implants on 74 patients (11 men and 63 women) with valgus deformity. The average age at the time of operation was 62.93 years (range, 26-80 years). Clinical and radiographic evaluations including range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score System (KSS) and the tibial and femur angle (T-F angle) were performed at follow-up.
After a mean follow-up of 33.8 months (range, 5 months-9 years), the average ROM improved from 91 degrees (range, 70 degrees-120 degrees) preoperatively to 112.4 degrees (range, 80 degrees-130 degrees) postoperatively, the average KSS improved from 22.7 points (0-48 points) preoperatively to 81.7 points (range, 71-93 points) postoperatively. The average function score improved from 26.5 points preoperatively to 86.3 points postoperatively, the average T-F angle was corrected from 21.59 degrees (range, 12 degrees-40 degrees) of valgus preoperatively to 8.7 degrees (0 degrees-11 degrees) of valgus postoperatively. One knee had lightly instability at follow-up, one knee with patellar dislocation preoperatively had subdislocation postoperatively, no other complication occurred.
The techniques of medial parapatellar approach, standard osteotomy and only lateral soft tissue release with posterior stabilized implants can correct a fixed valgus deformity very successfully in patients undergoing primary total knee replacement, and provides excellent results.