Successful treatment of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in a HIV infected patient with multiple relapsing leishmaniasis from Western Europe.J Infect. 2006 Jul; 53(1):e25-7.JI
We present a 42-year-old man who was admitted with worsening of his general condition and facial skin lesions. He had previously been diagnosed with HIV infection and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Diagnostic work-up revealed a new relapse of VL paralleled by the diagnosis of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL). The patient was treated with IV liposomal amphotericin B as well as sodium stibogluconate followed by oral hexadecylphosphocholine (miltefosine) over a period of 9 months. PKDL lesions began to disappear after 8 months of treatment. In addition, severe and relapsing VL so far remains in remission. This case demonstrates successful treatment of PKDL and relapsing VL in a Western European patient with HIV infection.