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Cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc availability in a biosolids-amended piedmont soil years after application.
J Environ Qual 2005 Nov-Dec; 34(6):2255-62JE

Abstract

Concerns over the possible increase in phytoavailability of biosolids-applied trace metals to plants have been raised based on the assumption that decomposition of applied organic matter would increase phytoavailability. The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of time on chemical extractability and concentration of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn in plants on plots established by a single application of biosolids with high trace metals content in 1984. Biosolids were applied to 1.5 by 2.3 m confined plots of a Davidson clay loam (clayey, kaolinitic, thermic Rhodic Kandiudults) at 0, 42, 84, 126, 168, and 210 Mg ha(-1). The highest biosolids application supplied 4.5, 760, 43, and 620 kg ha(-1) of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn, respectively. Radish (Raphanus sativus L.), romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were planted at the site for 3 consecutive years, 17 to 19 yr after biosolids application. Extractable Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn (as measured by DTPA, CaCl(2,) and Mehlich-1) were determined on 15-cm depth samples from each plot. The DTPA-extractable Cu and Zn decreased by 58 and 42%, respectively, 17 yr after application despite a significant reduction in organic matter content. Biosolids treatments had no significant effect on crop yield. Plant tissue metal concentrations increased with biosolids rate but were within the normal range of these crops. Trace metal concentrations in plants generally correlated well with the concentrations extracted from soil with DTPA, CaCl(2), and Mehlich-1. Metal concentrations in plant tissue exhibited a plateau response in most cases. The uptake coefficient values generated for the different crops were in agreement with the values set by the Part 503 Rule.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, 24060, USA. bsukkari@vt.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16275727

Citation

Sukkariyah, Beshr F., et al. "Cadmium, Copper, Nickel, and Zinc Availability in a Biosolids-amended Piedmont Soil Years After Application." Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 34, no. 6, 2005, pp. 2255-62.
Sukkariyah BF, Evanylo G, Zelazny L, et al. Cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc availability in a biosolids-amended piedmont soil years after application. J Environ Qual. 2005;34(6):2255-62.
Sukkariyah, B. F., Evanylo, G., Zelazny, L., & Chaney, R. L. (2005). Cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc availability in a biosolids-amended piedmont soil years after application. Journal of Environmental Quality, 34(6), pp. 2255-62.
Sukkariyah BF, et al. Cadmium, Copper, Nickel, and Zinc Availability in a Biosolids-amended Piedmont Soil Years After Application. J Environ Qual. 2005;34(6):2255-62. PubMed PMID: 16275727.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc availability in a biosolids-amended piedmont soil years after application. AU - Sukkariyah,Beshr F, AU - Evanylo,Gregory, AU - Zelazny,Lucian, AU - Chaney,Rufus L, Y1 - 2005/11/07/ PY - 2005/11/9/pubmed PY - 2006/1/4/medline PY - 2005/11/9/entrez SP - 2255 EP - 62 JF - Journal of environmental quality JO - J. Environ. Qual. VL - 34 IS - 6 N2 - Concerns over the possible increase in phytoavailability of biosolids-applied trace metals to plants have been raised based on the assumption that decomposition of applied organic matter would increase phytoavailability. The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of time on chemical extractability and concentration of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn in plants on plots established by a single application of biosolids with high trace metals content in 1984. Biosolids were applied to 1.5 by 2.3 m confined plots of a Davidson clay loam (clayey, kaolinitic, thermic Rhodic Kandiudults) at 0, 42, 84, 126, 168, and 210 Mg ha(-1). The highest biosolids application supplied 4.5, 760, 43, and 620 kg ha(-1) of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn, respectively. Radish (Raphanus sativus L.), romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were planted at the site for 3 consecutive years, 17 to 19 yr after biosolids application. Extractable Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn (as measured by DTPA, CaCl(2,) and Mehlich-1) were determined on 15-cm depth samples from each plot. The DTPA-extractable Cu and Zn decreased by 58 and 42%, respectively, 17 yr after application despite a significant reduction in organic matter content. Biosolids treatments had no significant effect on crop yield. Plant tissue metal concentrations increased with biosolids rate but were within the normal range of these crops. Trace metal concentrations in plants generally correlated well with the concentrations extracted from soil with DTPA, CaCl(2), and Mehlich-1. Metal concentrations in plant tissue exhibited a plateau response in most cases. The uptake coefficient values generated for the different crops were in agreement with the values set by the Part 503 Rule. SN - 0047-2425 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16275727/Cadmium_copper_nickel_and_zinc_availability_in_a_biosolids_amended_piedmont_soil_years_after_application_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2004.0369 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -