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Biogenetic temperament and character and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Korean children.
Psychopathology. 2006; 39(1):25-31.P

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and biogenetic temperament, as assessed by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) in Korean elementary school children.

SAMPLING AND METHODS

Five hundred and sixteen elementary school students (254 boys and 262 girls; age range 9-14 years, mean age 11.0 +/- 1.0 years) were studied. The Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, both the self-rating and parent rating scales, the DuPaul ADHD rating scale (ARS-IV) for parents and teachers and the Child Behavior Checklist have been completed by study subjects. Children with high ARS-IV scores (the upper 10th percentile, n = 52) were defined to have ADHD. Fifty-two age- and sex-matched non-ADHD control subjects were selected randomly from a pool of 464 subjects.

RESULTS

Inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms correlated positively with Novelty Seeking in both children and parent ratings. These symptoms correlated negatively with Persistence, Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness. Novelty Seeking also had significant correlations with attention problems, delinquent behavior, aggressive behavior, externalizing problems and social problems in the Child Behavior Checklist. The ADHD group (n = 52) had higher scores of Novelty Seeking and lower scores of Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness, compared with the control group.

CONCLUSIONS

There were significant correlations between ADHD symptoms and Novelty Seeking. Current findings suggest that Novelty Seeking and ADHD share biogenetic backgrounds.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, South Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16282716

Citation

Yoo, Hee Jeong, et al. "Biogenetic Temperament and Character and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Korean Children." Psychopathology, vol. 39, no. 1, 2006, pp. 25-31.
Yoo HJ, Kim M, Ha JH, et al. Biogenetic temperament and character and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Korean children. Psychopathology. 2006;39(1):25-31.
Yoo, H. J., Kim, M., Ha, J. H., Chung, A., Sim, M. E., Kim, S. J., & Lyoo, I. K. (2006). Biogenetic temperament and character and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Korean children. Psychopathology, 39(1), 25-31.
Yoo HJ, et al. Biogenetic Temperament and Character and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Korean Children. Psychopathology. 2006;39(1):25-31. PubMed PMID: 16282716.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Biogenetic temperament and character and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Korean children. AU - Yoo,Hee Jeong, AU - Kim,Minjeong, AU - Ha,Jee Hyun, AU - Chung,Ain, AU - Sim,Minyoung E, AU - Kim,Seog Ju, AU - Lyoo,In Kyoon, Y1 - 2005/11/09/ PY - 2004/11/22/received PY - 2005/04/11/accepted PY - 2005/11/12/pubmed PY - 2006/4/4/medline PY - 2005/11/12/entrez SP - 25 EP - 31 JF - Psychopathology JO - Psychopathology VL - 39 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and biogenetic temperament, as assessed by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) in Korean elementary school children. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Five hundred and sixteen elementary school students (254 boys and 262 girls; age range 9-14 years, mean age 11.0 +/- 1.0 years) were studied. The Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, both the self-rating and parent rating scales, the DuPaul ADHD rating scale (ARS-IV) for parents and teachers and the Child Behavior Checklist have been completed by study subjects. Children with high ARS-IV scores (the upper 10th percentile, n = 52) were defined to have ADHD. Fifty-two age- and sex-matched non-ADHD control subjects were selected randomly from a pool of 464 subjects. RESULTS: Inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms correlated positively with Novelty Seeking in both children and parent ratings. These symptoms correlated negatively with Persistence, Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness. Novelty Seeking also had significant correlations with attention problems, delinquent behavior, aggressive behavior, externalizing problems and social problems in the Child Behavior Checklist. The ADHD group (n = 52) had higher scores of Novelty Seeking and lower scores of Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness, compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant correlations between ADHD symptoms and Novelty Seeking. Current findings suggest that Novelty Seeking and ADHD share biogenetic backgrounds. SN - 0254-4962 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16282716/Biogenetic_temperament_and_character_and_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_in_Korean_children_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000089660 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -