Informatics in radiology (infoRAD): an open source framework for modification and communication of DICOM objects.Radiographics. 2005 Nov-Dec; 25(6):1709-21.R
A configurable framework has been developed that can receive, modify, and export images in different picture archiving and communication system scenarios. The framework has three main components: a receiver for Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) objects, a processing pipeline to apply one or more modifications to these objects, and one or more senders to send the processed objects to predefined addresses. The toolbox programming was implemented as an open source project in Java. The processing pipeline uses the concept of configurable plug-ins. One plug-in is user programmable by means of extensible stylesheet language files and allows conversion of DICOM objects to extensible markup language documents or other file types. Input and output channels are the DICOM Storage service, DICOM compact disks-read-only memory (CD-ROMs), and the local file system. The toolbox has been successfully applied to different clinical scenarios, including the correction of DICOM objects from non-Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) conform modalities, pseudonaming of DICOM images, and use of the IHE Portable Data for Imaging profile with import and export of CD-ROMs. The toolbox has proved reliability in the clinical routine. Because of the open programming interfaces, the functionality can easily be adapted to future applications.