Time course of total and food specific IgE antibodies (Rast Fx5) in the developing allergic child.Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Sep; 37(7):257-61.EA
To analyze the evolution of total and food specific IgE (Rast Fx5) titers in the course of food allergy in children.
PATIENTS & METHODS
925 children, mean age 8.9 + 9.1 years (15 days-18 years), 455 girls and 470 boys, investigated for food allergy in year 1997, underwent serum samples assay for total IgE and of Rast Fx5, Cap System, Pharmacia & Upjohn Diagnostics AB, Uppsala, Sweden, a mix test detecting specific IgE to 6 major food allergens in children, cow's milk proteins (CMP), egg white, peanut, soy, wheat and fish and analyzed as a function of reference values by age.
Total IgE titers increased significantly with age, r0.22, p0.0001. The percentage of children with a total IgE level above normal range first increased with age, from 10.3 % at 0-6 months, reaching 38.2 % at 1-2 years and peaking at 56.9% at 4-6 years, then leveled off, 48.1% at 8-12 years (ns vs 4-6 years) and 41.3% above 12 years (ns). Detectable Rast Fx5 increased in a parallel manner until age 4-6 years and then exhibited a progressive decrease from age 6-8 years, differing significantly from total IgE: 31.9% vs 52.9%, p0.01 (6-8 years), 32.2% vs 48.1%, p0.03 (8-12 years), 21.8% vs 41.3%, p0.05 (> 12 years).
In these outpatient children investigated for food allergy, the increase with age of the percentage of high total IgE contrasted with the progressive decrease of Rast Fx5 from age 4-6 yr. This biological finding correlates timely with the clinical spontaneous decrease of food allergy in the developing child.