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Simultaneous administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 nations: exploring the universal and culture-specific features of global self-esteem.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005 Oct; 89(4):623-42.JP

Abstract

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) was translated into 28 languages and administered to 16,998 participants across 53 nations. The RSES factor structure was largely invariant across nations. RSES scores correlated with neuroticism, extraversion, and romantic attachment styles within nearly all nations, providing additional support for cross-cultural equivalence of the RSES. All nations scored above the theoretical midpoint of the RSES, indicating generally positive self-evaluation may be culturally universal. Individual differences in self-esteem were variable across cultures, with a neutral response bias prevalent in more collectivist cultures. Self-competence and self-liking subscales of the RSES varied with cultural individualism. Although positively and negatively worded items of the RSES were correlated within cultures and were uniformly related to external personality variables, differences between aggregates of positive and negative items were smaller in developed nations. Because negatively worded items were interpreted differently across nations, direct cross-cultural comparisons using the RSES may have limited value.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 61625, US. dps@bradley.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16287423

Citation

Schmitt, David P., and Jüri Allik. "Simultaneous Administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 Nations: Exploring the Universal and Culture-specific Features of Global Self-esteem." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 89, no. 4, 2005, pp. 623-42.
Schmitt DP, Allik J. Simultaneous administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 nations: exploring the universal and culture-specific features of global self-esteem. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005;89(4):623-42.
Schmitt, D. P., & Allik, J. (2005). Simultaneous administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 nations: exploring the universal and culture-specific features of global self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(4), 623-42.
Schmitt DP, Allik J. Simultaneous Administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 Nations: Exploring the Universal and Culture-specific Features of Global Self-esteem. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005;89(4):623-42. PubMed PMID: 16287423.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Simultaneous administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 nations: exploring the universal and culture-specific features of global self-esteem. AU - Schmitt,David P, AU - Allik,Jüri, PY - 2005/11/17/pubmed PY - 2006/3/4/medline PY - 2005/11/17/entrez SP - 623 EP - 42 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 89 IS - 4 N2 - The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) was translated into 28 languages and administered to 16,998 participants across 53 nations. The RSES factor structure was largely invariant across nations. RSES scores correlated with neuroticism, extraversion, and romantic attachment styles within nearly all nations, providing additional support for cross-cultural equivalence of the RSES. All nations scored above the theoretical midpoint of the RSES, indicating generally positive self-evaluation may be culturally universal. Individual differences in self-esteem were variable across cultures, with a neutral response bias prevalent in more collectivist cultures. Self-competence and self-liking subscales of the RSES varied with cultural individualism. Although positively and negatively worded items of the RSES were correlated within cultures and were uniformly related to external personality variables, differences between aggregates of positive and negative items were smaller in developed nations. Because negatively worded items were interpreted differently across nations, direct cross-cultural comparisons using the RSES may have limited value. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16287423/Simultaneous_administration_of_the_Rosenberg_Self_Esteem_Scale_in_53_nations:_exploring_the_universal_and_culture_specific_features_of_global_self_esteem_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/89/4/623 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -