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A comparison of the dietary and total intake of micronutrients in a group of pregnant Greek women with the Dietary Reference Intakes.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2006 Aug; 127(2):166-71.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We compared the dietary and total (diet and supplement) intake of micronutrients with the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) from the USA in a population of pregnant Greek women.

METHODS

Two hundred pregnant women participated in a nutritional survey, 98 in the second trimester and 102 in the third trimester in a random sampling. To examine dietary intake we used two questionnaires, the nutritional questionnaire for pregnant women from the California Department of Health Services, and a semi-quantitative questionnaire (Walter Willet) with modifications for use in Greece. Dietary intake analysis was performed using the Diet Analysis Plus software, Version 3, ESHA Research. Statistical analysis was performed with Minitab for Windows, Release 12. A simple complementary questionnaire concerning demographic and socio-economic features was also completed.

RESULTS

The average total intake of vitamins A, B(1), B(2), B(3), B(6), B(12) and C, calcium and phosphorus was higher than the respective DRIs. Folic acid and iron intake exceed the highest values specified for pregnancy. Vitamin E and zinc was lower than the DRIs, while vitamin D, magnesium and thiamin did not differ.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of our study suggest that in a Greek population, sufficient micronutrients appear to be received in adequate amount from diet, except for folic acid and iron, which also had to be taken in the form of nutritional supplements.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tzaneio General Hospital of Piraeus, Syrou 33, Chaidari 12462, Greece.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16289301

Citation

Petrakos, Georgios, et al. "A Comparison of the Dietary and Total Intake of Micronutrients in a Group of Pregnant Greek Women With the Dietary Reference Intakes." European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, vol. 127, no. 2, 2006, pp. 166-71.
Petrakos G, Panagopoulos P, Koutras I, et al. A comparison of the dietary and total intake of micronutrients in a group of pregnant Greek women with the Dietary Reference Intakes. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2006;127(2):166-71.
Petrakos, G., Panagopoulos, P., Koutras, I., Kazis, A., Panagiotakos, D., Economou, A., Kanellopoulos, N., Salamalekis, E., & Zabelas, A. (2006). A comparison of the dietary and total intake of micronutrients in a group of pregnant Greek women with the Dietary Reference Intakes. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 127(2), 166-71.
Petrakos G, et al. A Comparison of the Dietary and Total Intake of Micronutrients in a Group of Pregnant Greek Women With the Dietary Reference Intakes. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2006;127(2):166-71. PubMed PMID: 16289301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of the dietary and total intake of micronutrients in a group of pregnant Greek women with the Dietary Reference Intakes. AU - Petrakos,Georgios, AU - Panagopoulos,Perikles, AU - Koutras,Ioannis, AU - Kazis,Avraam, AU - Panagiotakos,Dimosthenis, AU - Economou,Apostolos, AU - Kanellopoulos,Nikolaos, AU - Salamalekis,Emmanouil, AU - Zabelas,Antonios, Y1 - 2005/11/09/ PY - 2004/09/24/received PY - 2005/02/28/revised PY - 2005/07/18/accepted PY - 2005/11/18/pubmed PY - 2007/7/13/medline PY - 2005/11/18/entrez SP - 166 EP - 71 JF - European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology JO - Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol VL - 127 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We compared the dietary and total (diet and supplement) intake of micronutrients with the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) from the USA in a population of pregnant Greek women. METHODS: Two hundred pregnant women participated in a nutritional survey, 98 in the second trimester and 102 in the third trimester in a random sampling. To examine dietary intake we used two questionnaires, the nutritional questionnaire for pregnant women from the California Department of Health Services, and a semi-quantitative questionnaire (Walter Willet) with modifications for use in Greece. Dietary intake analysis was performed using the Diet Analysis Plus software, Version 3, ESHA Research. Statistical analysis was performed with Minitab for Windows, Release 12. A simple complementary questionnaire concerning demographic and socio-economic features was also completed. RESULTS: The average total intake of vitamins A, B(1), B(2), B(3), B(6), B(12) and C, calcium and phosphorus was higher than the respective DRIs. Folic acid and iron intake exceed the highest values specified for pregnancy. Vitamin E and zinc was lower than the DRIs, while vitamin D, magnesium and thiamin did not differ. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggest that in a Greek population, sufficient micronutrients appear to be received in adequate amount from diet, except for folic acid and iron, which also had to be taken in the form of nutritional supplements. SN - 0301-2115 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16289301/A_comparison_of_the_dietary_and_total_intake_of_micronutrients_in_a_group_of_pregnant_Greek_women_with_the_Dietary_Reference_Intakes_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-2115(05)00515-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -