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Ergonomics of abrasive blasting: a comparison of high pressure water and steel shot.
Appl Ergon. 2006 Sep; 37(5):659-67.AE

Abstract

Abrasive blasting with silica sand has long been associated with silicosis. Alternatives to sand are being used increasingly. While NIOSH has done extensive investigations of the respiratory effects of the substitutes for sand, the ergonomic effects of the substitutes have not been examined. Too often, hazards are shifted, and technologies that might save workers' lungs could do so at the expense of their musculoskeletal systems. Hence, the objective of this study was to examine the ergonomic effects of alternatives to sand. Multiple methods, both qualitative and quantitative, were used to yield numerous kinds of data for the analysis of exposures to abrasive blasters. PATH, a method for quantifying ergonomic exposure in non-routine work, was combined with interviews with workers, biomechanical modeling and noise level readings to assess the ergonomics of two abrasive blasting operations: high-pressure water and steel shot. Advantages and disadvantages of each medium are discussed. High-pressure water was slightly less ergonomically stressful, environmentally cleaner, much quieter and less dusty that steel shot, and it was reported to be slower on those tasks where both media could be used.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, 136 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, USA. beth.rosenberg@tufts.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16289359

Citation

Rosenberg, Beth, et al. "Ergonomics of Abrasive Blasting: a Comparison of High Pressure Water and Steel Shot." Applied Ergonomics, vol. 37, no. 5, 2006, pp. 659-67.
Rosenberg B, Yuan L, Fulmer S. Ergonomics of abrasive blasting: a comparison of high pressure water and steel shot. Appl Ergon. 2006;37(5):659-67.
Rosenberg, B., Yuan, L., & Fulmer, S. (2006). Ergonomics of abrasive blasting: a comparison of high pressure water and steel shot. Applied Ergonomics, 37(5), 659-67.
Rosenberg B, Yuan L, Fulmer S. Ergonomics of Abrasive Blasting: a Comparison of High Pressure Water and Steel Shot. Appl Ergon. 2006;37(5):659-67. PubMed PMID: 16289359.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ergonomics of abrasive blasting: a comparison of high pressure water and steel shot. AU - Rosenberg,Beth, AU - Yuan,Lu, AU - Fulmer,Scott, Y1 - 2005/11/14/ PY - 2004/09/24/received PY - 2005/05/15/revised PY - 2005/05/30/accepted PY - 2005/11/18/pubmed PY - 2006/12/9/medline PY - 2005/11/18/entrez SP - 659 EP - 67 JF - Applied ergonomics JO - Appl Ergon VL - 37 IS - 5 N2 - Abrasive blasting with silica sand has long been associated with silicosis. Alternatives to sand are being used increasingly. While NIOSH has done extensive investigations of the respiratory effects of the substitutes for sand, the ergonomic effects of the substitutes have not been examined. Too often, hazards are shifted, and technologies that might save workers' lungs could do so at the expense of their musculoskeletal systems. Hence, the objective of this study was to examine the ergonomic effects of alternatives to sand. Multiple methods, both qualitative and quantitative, were used to yield numerous kinds of data for the analysis of exposures to abrasive blasters. PATH, a method for quantifying ergonomic exposure in non-routine work, was combined with interviews with workers, biomechanical modeling and noise level readings to assess the ergonomics of two abrasive blasting operations: high-pressure water and steel shot. Advantages and disadvantages of each medium are discussed. High-pressure water was slightly less ergonomically stressful, environmentally cleaner, much quieter and less dusty that steel shot, and it was reported to be slower on those tasks where both media could be used. SN - 0003-6870 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16289359/Ergonomics_of_abrasive_blasting:_a_comparison_of_high_pressure_water_and_steel_shot_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0003-6870(05)00130-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -